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ITEMS NAMING SCHEME
 
CC # cat (;date(s)) ¦ denomination (;(mint or press))  ¦ (material) specs ¦ (reference(s)) (;infos)
 
 ¦  CC:=two-letter Country Code defined by ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
 ¦  cat:=(author-/region-id(.))(region-/author-id(.))cat-nr.(mint- or press-id) (:-/ sub-cat- or specimen-nr.)
 ¦  date:=year((-)mm((-)dd)) defined by ISO 8601 and/or (/ end date or A.nno)
 ¦  specs:=((water mark nr.));(control nr.;)(weight;)(shape;) size(W x H mm) or diameter(*T>2 mm)
 
abbreviations overview (materials, shapes etc. pp.) =>  look here
 
my list of numismatic and notaphilistic literature =>  look here

ITALY (IT) 
 
Italian Mint Marks
A: ViennaB: Bologna (-1861)
B: Kremnitz (1862)B/I: Birmingham (1893-94)
F: Hall (1802)H: Gunzburg (1802)
H: Birmingham (1866-67)H(A): Hall
KB: Berlin (1894)M: Milan (1860-87)
N: Naples (1861-67)O: Oravitza (1783)
OM: Strasbourg (1866-67)R: Rome
S: SchmollnitzT: Turin (1861-67)
W: Vienna(Z)V: Venice
(t): Turin (eagles head:1802-60)(g): Genoa (anchor:1815-60)
 
 NP1¦IPF Napoleon I (1809-1814)
IT#KM.IPF02.2;18113 Centismi;(Milan)Cu;6.12g;⌀23
IT#KM.IPF06.1;181010 Soldi;(Milan)Ag;2.26g;⌀17
 
 VM2 Victor Emmanuel II (1861-1878)
IT#KM001.1;18671 Centesimo;(Milan)Cu;?g;⌀15
IT#KM002.1;18672 Centesimi;(Milan)Cu;1.96g;⌀20
IT#KM002.2;18622 Centesimi;(Naples)Cu;?g;⌀20
IT#KM003.2;18675 Centesimi;(Milan)Cu;4.68g;⌀25
IT#KM003.3;18625 Centesimi;(Naples)Cu;?g;⌀25
IT#KM04A.1;186350 Centesimi;(Milan)Ag;?g;⌀18
IT#KM05A.1;18631 Lira;(Milano)Ag;?g;⌀23
IT#KM008.3;18735 Lire;(Milano)Ag;?g;⌀36MG.180
IT#KM008.4;18765 Lire;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀36
IT#KM011.1;186610 Centesimi;(Milan)Cu;?g;⌀30
IT#KM011.2;186610 Centesimi;(Rome)Cu;?g;⌀30w/o mintmark
IT#KM011.3;186710 Centesimi;(Birmingham)Cu;9.75g;⌀30
IT#KM011.4;186610 Centesimi;(Naples)Cu;9.47g;⌀30
IT#KM011.5;186710 Centesimi;(Strasbourg)Cu;?g;⌀30
IT#KM011.6;186610 Centesimi;(Turin)Cu;?g;⌀30
IT#KM013.1;186320 Centesimi;(Milan)Ag;?g;⌀16
IT#KM014.1;186350 Centesimi;(Milan)Ag;?g;⌀18Pag.531
IT#KM014.3;186350 Centesimi;(Turin)Ag;?g;⌀18
IT#KM016.1;18632 Lire;(Naples)Ag;?g;⌀27
 
 UT1 Umberto I (1878-1900)
IT#KM021;188220 LireAu;6.43g;⌀21
IT#KM023;18842 LireAg;?g;⌀27
IT#KM024.1;19001 Lira;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀23
IT#KM024.2;18871 Lira;(Milano)Ag;?g;⌀23
IT#KM027.1;189410 Centesimi;(Birmingham)Cu;?g;⌀30
IT#KM027.2;189410 Centesimi;(Rome)Cu;?g;⌀30
IT#KM028.1;189420 Centesimi;(Berlin)CN;?g;⌀20
IT#KM028.2;189420 Centesimi;(Rome)CN;3.88g;⌀20
IT#KM029;19001 CentesimoCu;?g;⌀15
IT#KM030;18982 CentesimiCu;?g;⌀20
IT#KM031;18955 CentesimiCu;?g;⌀25
 
 VM3 Victor Emmanuel III (1900-1946)
IT#KM032;19071 LiraAg;?g;⌀23
IT#KM033;18652 LireAg;?g;⌀27
IT#KM035;19031 CentesimoCu;1.00g;⌀15
IT#KM038;19032 CentesimiCu;1.94g;⌀20
IT#KM040;19161 CentesimoCu;?g;⌀15
IT#KM041;19142 CentesimiCu;?g;⌀20
IT#KM042;19185 CentesimiCu;?g;⌀25
IT#KM044/1;191120 CentesimiNi;4.00g;⌀21
IT#KM044/2;192020 CentesimiNi;4.11g;⌀21
IT#KM045;19131 LiraAg;?g;⌀23
IT#KM046;19082 LireAg;?g;⌀27
IT#KM051;191110 CentesimiBZ;?g;⌀30
IT#KM055;19162 LireAg;9.94g;⌀27
IT#KM057;19151 LiraAg;?g;⌀23
IT#KM058;191820 Cent(esimi)CN;3.74g;⌀20
IT#KM059/1;19315 CentesimiCu;3.09g;⌀19
IT#KM059/2;19205 CentesimiCu;3.31g;⌀19
IT#KM060/1;192210 CentesimiCu;5.36g;⌀22
IT#KM060/2;192610 CentesimiCu;5.32g;⌀22
IT#KM061.1;192050 CentesimiNi;6.13g;⌀24plain edge
IT#KM061.2;192050 CentesimiNi;5.95g;⌀24reeded edge
IT#KM062/1;19231 LiraNi;8.06g;⌀26
IT#KM062/2;19241 LiraNi;?g;⌀26closed 2
IT#KM063;19242 LireNi;9.81g;⌀29
IT#KM067.1;19295 LireAg;4.91g;⌀22
IT#KM067.2;19275 LireAg;?g;⌀23
IT#KM068.1;192710 LireAg;?g;⌀27
IT#KM068.2;192710 LireAg;?g;⌀27
IT#KM070:(F);(1943)20 Lire?;?g;⌀35fantasy variant
IT#KM074;1939/XVII10 CentesimiCu;5.22g;⌀22
IT#KM073;1938/XVI5 CentesimiCu;?g;⌀19
IT#KM073A;1941/XIX5 CentesimiAZ;2.88g;⌀19
IT#KM074A;1940/XVIII10 CentesimiAZ;4.87g;⌀22
IT#KM075B;1943/XXI20 CentesimiST;4.16g;⌀21magnetic
IT#KM075D;1940/XVIII20 CentesimiST;3.89g;⌀21non-magnetic
IT#KM076A;1940/XVIII50 CentesimiST;?g;⌀24non-magnetic
IT#KM076B;1940/XVIII50 CentesimiST;6.07g;⌀24magnetic
IT#KM077A;1940/XVIII1 LiraST;?g;⌀27non-magnetic
IT#KM077B;1942/XX1 LiraST;?g;⌀27magnetic
IT#KM078A;1940/XVIII2 LireST;10.14g;⌀29non-magnetic
IT#KM078B;1940/XVIII2 LireST;?g;⌀29magnetic
IT#KM079;1936/XIV5 LireAg;?g;⌀23
 
 R20 Republic (1946-)
IT#KM087;19481 LiraAl;?g;⌀21
IT#KM088;19502 LireAl;?g;⌀24
IT#KM089;19505 LireAl;2.53g;⌀27
IT#KM090;194910 LireAl;2.98g;⌀28
IT#KM091;19551 LiraAl;0.62g;⌀17
IT#KM092;19545 LireAl;1.00g;⌀20
IT#KM093/1;198110 LireAl;1.59g;⌀23
IT#KM093/2;195410 LireAl;1.58g;⌀23
IT#KM094;19542 LireAl;.82g;⌀18
IT#KM095.1;195950 LireST;6.20g;⌀24
IT#KM095.2;199450 LireST;2.71g;⌀16
IT#KM096.1;1963100 LireST;8.00g;⌀27
IT#KM096.2;1992100 LireST;3.28g;⌀18
IT#KM097.1;195820 LireAZ;3.64g;⌀21
IT#KM097.2;197120 LireAZ;3.60g;⌀21
IT#KM098;1958500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
IT#KM099;1961500 LireAg;10.96g;⌀29
IT#KM100;1965500 LireAg;11.00g;⌀29
IT#KM101;19701000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
IT#KM102;1974100 LireST;8.00g;⌀28100th year of birth Guglielmo Marconi
IT#KM106;1979100 LireST;8.00g;⌀28F.A.O.
IT#KM105;1998200 LireAZ;5.03g;⌀24
IT#KM107;1980200 LireAZ;5.01g;⌀24
IT#KM108;1981100 LireST;8.10g;⌀28Livomo Naval Academy
IT#KM109;1981200 LireAZ;5.03g;⌀24World food day
IT#KM111;1990500 LireST(BR);6.85g;⌀25
IT#KM114;1984500 LireAg;11?g;⌀29
IT#KM119;1986500 LireAg;11?g;⌀29
IT#KM130;1989200 LireBZ;4.90g;⌀24
IT#KM133;1989200 LireAg;5?g;⌀24
IT#KM134;1989500 LireAg;11?g;⌀29
IT#KM135;1990200 LireAZ;5.08g;⌀24
IT#KM136;1990500 LireAg;11?g;⌀29
IT#KM138;1989200 LireAg;?g;⌀24
IT#KM139;1989500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
IT#KM143;1991500 LireAg;?g;⌀31Flora and Fauna
IT#KM151;1992200 LireAZ;5.00g;⌀24Genoa Stamp Exposition
IT#KM155;1993200 LireAZ;5.00g;⌀24
IT#KM159;1994100 LireCN;4.54g;⌀22
IT#KM160;1993500 LireST(BR);6.76g;⌀25
IT#KM164;1994200 LireAZ;5.00g;⌀24
IT#KM167;1994500 LireST(BR);6.83g;⌀25
IT#KM180;1995100 LireCN;4.52g;⌀22
IT#KM181;1996500 LireST(BR);6.82g;⌀25
IT#KM183;199650 LireCN;4.52g;⌀19
IT#KM184;1996200 LireBR;5.01g;⌀24
IT#KM186;1997200 LireBR;5.04g;⌀24
IT#KM187;1997500 LireST(BR);?g;⌀25
IT#KM190;19971000 LireAZ(CN);8.93g;⌀27old west german map
IT#KM193;1998500 LireST(BR);6.79g;⌀25
IT#KM194;19981000 LireAZ(CN);8.90g;⌀27corrected german map
IT#KM203;1999500 LireST(BR);?g;⌀25
IT#KM218;1999200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
IT#KM219;20011 LiraAg;?g;⌀29Lira of 1946
IT#KM220;20011 LiraAg;?g;⌀24Lira of 1951
 
IT#KM210;20021 Cent;(Rome)CS;2.3g;⌀16
IT#KM211;20022 Cent;(Rome)CS;3g;⌀19
IT#KM212;20025 Cent;(Rome)CS;3.9g;⌀21
IT#KM213;200210 Cent;(Rome)NG;4.1g;⌀20
IT#KM214;200220 Cent;(Rome)NG;5.7g;⌀22
IT#KM215;200250 Cent;(Rome)NG;7.8g;⌀24
IT#KM216;20021 Euro;(Rome)BR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
IT#KM217;20022 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
 
IT#KM210:08;20081 Cent;(Rome)CS;2.3g;⌀16
IT#KM211:08;20082 Cent;(Rome)CS;3g;⌀19
IT#KM212:08;20085 Cent;(Rome)CS;3.9g;⌀21
IT#KM247;200810 Cent;(Rome)NG;4.1g;⌀20
IT#KM248;200820 Cent;(Rome)NG;5.7g;⌀22
IT#KM249;200850 Cent;(Rome)NG;7.8g;⌀24
IT#KM250;20081 Euro;(Rome)BR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
IT#KM251;20082 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
 
IT#KM237;20042 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
IT#KM245;20052 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
IT#KM246;2006(-02-10)2 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀2620th Winter Olympics Games Turin
IT#KM311;2007(-03-25)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀2650 years treaty of rome
IT#KM301;20082 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀2660 years Universal Declaration of Human Rights
IT#KM312;2009(-01-01)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀2610 years euro currency
IT#KM310;20092 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26louis braille
IT#KM328;2010(-12-01)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26Camillo Benso
IT#KM338;2011(-04-22)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26150 years Italian Unification
IT#KM350;20122 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀2610 years euro money
IT#KM355;2012(-07-02)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26100 years death of Giovanni Pascoli
IT#KM357;2013(-05-20)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Giuseppe Verdi
IT#KM358;2013(-11-18)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Giovanni Boccaccio
IT#KM367;2014(-06-27)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26200 years Carabinieri
IT#KM377;2014(-11-21)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26450th birthday Galileo Galilei
IT#KM380;2015(-07-22)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26EXPO Milano
IT#KM381;2015(-07-22)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Dante Alighieri
IT#KM382;2015(-12-18)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀2630 years europe flag
IT#KM392;2016(-07-21)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀262200th years death of Plauto
IT#KM393;2016(-07-21)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26550th years death sculptor Donatello
IT#KM411;2017(-06-21)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26400 years completion Mark's Basilica
IT#UC100;2017(-11-20)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀262000 years death Titus Livius
IT#UC102;2018(-08-13)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀2670 years constitution
IT#UC101;2018(-11-19)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Ministry of Health
 
Ancona (IT-ANC)
 
IT#BI.ANC0033;(XIII Century)1 DenaroAg;0.52g;⌀15
 
l'Aquila (IT-AQL)
 
IT#BI.AQL102;(1388-1414)1 QuattrinoBL;?g;⌀19
IT#BI.AQL120;(1458-1485)1 CavalloAE;1.80?g;⌀17
 
Bologna (IT-BOG)
 
IT#BI.BOG0397;(1438-43)1 QuattrinoBL;0.50g;⌀16
IT#GS!85!0;(1946/49)2 LireFe(PA);1.15g;⌀33Cognac Sarti
 
Brindisi (IT-BRI)
 
IT#BI.BRI0465;(1245)1 DenaroBL;0.56g;⌀16
IT#BI.BRI0476;(1250-54)1 DenaroBL;0.71g;⌀14
 
Cagliari (IT-CAG)
 
IT#KM.CAG24;16941 RealeAg;?g;⌀18V87
 
Emilia-Romagna (IT-EMR)
 
IT#KM.EMR11;186050 Centismi;(Firenze)Ag;?g;⌀18Pag.443a
 
Firenze (IT-FIR)
 
IT#BI.FIR795;(~1321~)1 Fiorino Picciolo NeroBL;?g;⌀15
 
Genoa (IT-GEN)
 
IT#BI.GEN8351 DenaroBL;?g;⌀16CNI1/69,Mir16
IT#KM.GEN282.1;18142 SoldiBL;2.08g;⌀18C36.1
IT#TT400AA;1944vale una corsa ridottaAl;1.37g;⌀24U.I.T.E. ...
 
Gorizia (IT-GOZ)
 
IT#KM.GOZ44;17992 Soldi;(Schmöllnitz)Cu;?g;⌀22C9.5
IT#KM.GOZ46;17992 Soldi;(Nagybanya)Cu;?g;⌀22C9.3
 
Lombardy-Venetia (IT-LVT)
 
IT#C.LVT12;18221 CentesimoBZ;?g;⌀21
IT#KM.LVT12.1;18431 CentesimoCu;?g;⌀18
 
Lucca (IT-LUA)
 
IT#KM.LUA048;17901 Bolognino (2 Soldi)BL;2.42g;⌀20
IT#KM.LUAA34;18261 SoldoCu;?g;⌀21
 
Mantova (IT-MAN)
 
IT#BI.MAN1168;(1484-1519)1 QuattrinoCu;?g;⌀16MIR.436
 
Messina (IT-QME)
 
IT#BI.QME1262;(1197-1250)1 DenaroBL;?g;⌀26MIR.96
 
Milano (IT-MIA)
 
IT#BI.MIA1377;(855-875)1 DenaroAg;1.52?g;⌀20MG472
IT#KM.MIA184;1777½ SoldoCu;?g;⌀21
IT#TT520AA:
IT#TT520AB;1920vale una corsa a tariffa normaleBR();5.30g;Occ28Tramvie del Comune di ...
IT#TT520AE;1944vale una corsa ridotta:Al();1.41g;⌀24Azienda Tramvie ...
IT#GS!44!03;(1919-23)10 CentisimiT6(MFi);1.09g;⌀33Nuovo Banco Mercantile
IT#GS!44!04;(1919-23)10 CentisimiT6(MFi);1.19g;⌀33Gomme Pirelli
IT#GS!44!06;(1919-23)10 CentisimiT6(MFi);1.19g;⌀33Singer
IT#GS!46!1;(1919-23)50 CentisimiT6(MFi);1.39g;⌀33Credito Mercantile Italiano
 
Modena (IT-MOD)
 
IT#MIR841A;(1706-1737)1 Sesino (4 Denari)Cu;0.86?g;⌀16CNI9.152
 
Naples (IT-NAP)
 
IT#BI.NAP1635;(1309-43)GligliatoAg;3.85g;⌀25Fabrizi28
 
Parma (IT-PRM)
 
IT#C.PRM03;17881 SesinoCu;?g;⌀16
 
Perugia (IT-PEG)
 
IT#BI.PEG1866;(1471)1 QuattrinoBL;0.36g;⌀14
 
Prato (IT-OTA)
 
IT#TT660BC(no value)ST;8.51g;⌀28Bigietto Autolinee CAP; Palazzo Pretorio
IT#TT660BD(no value)ST;8.51g;⌀28Bigietto Autolinee CAP; Collegio Ciognini
IT#TT660BG(no value)ST;8.75g;⌀28Bigietto Autolinee CAP; Donave Sangue
IT#TT660BL(no value)ST;8.48g;⌀28Bigietto Autolinee CAP; Natale 1978
IT#TT660BN(no value)ST;8.54g;⌀28Bigietto Autolinee CAP; Salvare la natura
 
Ravenna (IT-RAN)
 
IT#BI.RAN1965;(1232-XIV)1 DenaroBL;0.69?g;⌀16MIR1251
 
Sardinia (IT-SDY)
 
IT#SDY013;17322 Denari;(Palermo)Cu;?g;⌀16MG.70
IT#SDY094;179420 Soldi;(Turin)BL;5.07?g;⌀26MG.371
IT#SDY126.1;18263 Centisimi;(Turin)Cu;?g;⌀23MG.134
IT#SDY127.1;18265 Centisimi;(Turin)Cu;?g;⌀27
 
Sicily (IT-SIC)
 
IT#SIC074;17011 GranoCu;?g;⌀24MIR.506,SP.20
 
Tassarolo (IT-TSS)
 
IT#TSS052.1;16661 LuiginoAg;?g;⌀20CMA.71
 
Turin (IT-TOO)
 
IT#TT800AA;1920-08vale una corsa ..BR();3.28g;⌀24Azienda Tramvie municipali di ...
 
Tuscany (IT-TSC)
 
IT#C.TSC62a;18481 Quattrino;(Firenze)Cu;?g;⌀16Pag218,MG.423
IT#C.TSC64;18463 Quattrini;(Firenze)Cu;?g;⌀21Pag191,MG.396
IT#C.TSC65;18305 Quattrini;(Firenze)Cu;?g;⌀23
IT#C.TSC83;18595 Centismi;(Firenze)Cu;4.88g;⌀25
 
Venice (IT-VCE)
 
IT#VCE809;18495 CentismiCu;?g;⌀24C183

 
SAN MARINO (SM) 
 
SM#KM001:M;18645 Centesimi;(Milano)BZ;?g;⌀25
SM#KM001:R;18945 Centesimi;(Rome)BZ;5.03?g;⌀25G.39,Pag379
SM#KM002:M;187510 Centesimi;(Milano)BZ;9.70g;⌀30MG.8
SM#KM002:R;189310 Centesimi;(Rome)BZ;9.92?g;⌀30
SM#KM003;189850 CentesimiAg;?g;⌀18Pag369,MG.6
SM#KM004;19061 LiraAg;?g;⌀23Pag368,MG.5
SM#KM009;19375 LireAg;?g;⌀23
SM#KM010;193710 LireAg;?g;⌀27
SM#KM011;193520 LireAg;14.96?g;⌀35
SM#KM012;19385 CentesimiBZ;?g;⌀19
SM#KM013/1;193510 CentesimiBZ;5.47g;⌀22
SM#KM013/2;193710 CentesimiBZ;5.42g;⌀22
 
SM#KM014;19721 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM015;19722 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM016;19725 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM017;197210 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM018;197220 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM019;197250 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM020;1972100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM021;1972500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
 
SM#KM022;19731 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM023;19732 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM024;19735 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM025;197310 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM026;197320 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM027;197350 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM028;1973100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM029;1973500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
 
SM#KM030;19741 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM031;19742 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM032;19745 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM033;197410 LireAl;1.56g;⌀23
SM#KM034;197420 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM035;197450 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM036;1974100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM037;1974500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
 
SM#KM040;19751 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM041;19752 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM042;19755 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM043;197510 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM044;197520 LireAZ;3.66g;⌀20
SM#KM045;197550 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM046;1975100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM047;1975500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM048;1975500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
 
SM#KM051;19761 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM052;19762 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM053;19765 LireAl;1.04g;⌀20
SM#KM054;197610 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM055;197620 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM056;197650 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM057;1976100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM058;1976500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
 
SM#KM063;19771 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM064;19772 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM065;19775 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM066;197710 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM067;197720 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM068;197750 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM069;1977100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM070;1977100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM071;1977500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM072;19771000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM076;19781 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM077;19782 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM078;19785 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM079;197810 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM080;197820 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM081;197850 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM082;1978100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM083;1978200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM084;1978500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM085;19781000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM089;19791 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM090;19792 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM091;19795 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM092;197910 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM093;197920 LireAZ;?g;⌀20
SM#KM094;197950 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM095;1979100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM096;1979200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM097;1979500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM098;19791000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM102;19801 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM103;19802 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM104;19805 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM105;198010 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM106;198020 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM107;198050 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM108;1980100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM109;1980200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM110;1980500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM112;19801000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM116;19811 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM117;19812 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM118;19815 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM119;198110 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM120;198120 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM121;198150 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM122;1981100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM123;1981200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM124;1981200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM125;1981500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM126;1981500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM127;19811000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM131;19821 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM132;19822 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM133;19825 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM134;198210 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM135;198220 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM136;198250 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM137;1982100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM138;1982200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM139;1982500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM140;1982500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM141;19821000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM145;19831 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM146;19832 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM147;19835 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM148;198310 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM149;198320 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM150;198350 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM151;1983100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM152;1983200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM153;1983500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM154;1983500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM155;19831000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM159;19841 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM160;19842 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM161;19845 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM162;198410 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM163;198420 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM164;198450 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM165;1984100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM166;1984200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM167;1984500 LireST(AZ);6.80g;⌀26
SM#KM168;1984500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM169;19841000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
SM#KM170;19841 ScudoAu;?g;⌀16
 
SM#KM173;19851 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM174;19852 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM175;19855 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM176;198510 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM177;198520 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM178;198550 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM179;1985100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM180;1985200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM181;1985500 LireST(AZ);6.81g;⌀26
 
SM#KM187;19861 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM188;19862 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM189;19865 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM190;198610 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM191;198620 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM192;198650 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM193;1986100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM194;1986200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM195;1986500 LireST(AZ);6.78g;⌀26
SM#KM196;1986500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM197;19861000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM201;19871 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM202;19872 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM203;19875 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM204;198710 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM205;198720 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM206;198750 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM207;1987100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM208;1987200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM209;1987500 LireST(AZ);6.76g;⌀26
SM#KM210;19871000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
 
SM#KM216;1988500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM218;19881 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM219;19882 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM220;19885 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM221;198810 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM222;198820 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM223;198850 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM224;1988100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM225;1988200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM226;1988500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM227;19881000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
 
SM#KM231;19891 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM232;19892 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM233;19895 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM234;198910 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM235;198920 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM236;198950 LireST;?g;⌀25
SM#KM237;1989100 LireST;?g;⌀28
SM#KM238;1989200 LireAZ;?g;⌀23
SM#KM239;1989500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM240;19891000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
 
SM#KM246;1990500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM247;19901000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
SM#KM248;19901 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM249;19902 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM250;19905 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM251;199010 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM252;199020 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM253;199050 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM254;1990100 LireST;?g;⌀18
SM#KM255;1990200 LireAZ;?g;⌀23
SM#KM256;1990500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM257;19901000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
 
SM#KM261;19911 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM262;19912 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM263;19915 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM264;199110 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM265;199120 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM266;199150 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM267;1991100 LireST;?g;⌀18
SM#KM268;1991200 LireAZ;5.03g;⌀23
SM#KM269;1991500 LireST(AZ);6.78g;⌀26
SM#KM270;19911000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
SM#KM271;1991500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM272;19911000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
 
SM#KM276;1992500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM277;19921000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
SM#KM278;19921 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM279;19922 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM280;19925 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM281;199210 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM282;199220 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM283;199250 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM284;1992100 LireST;?g;⌀18
SM#KM285;1992200 LireAZ;?g;⌀23
SM#KM286;1992500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM287;19921000 LireAg;?g;⌀32
 
SM#KM291;1993500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM292;19931000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
SM#KM293;19931 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM294;19932 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM295;19935 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM296;199310 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM297;199320 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM298;199350 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM299;1993100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM300;1993200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM301;1993500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM302;19931000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM307;19942 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM308;19945 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM309;199410 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM310;199420 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM311;199450 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM312;1994100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM313;1994200 LireAZ;4.96g;⌀23
SM#KM314;1994500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM317;1994500 LireAg;?g;⌀29
SM#KM318;19941000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM322;19951 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM323;19952 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM324;19955 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM325;199510 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM326;199520 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM327;199550 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM328;1995100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM329;1995200 LireAZ;5.01g;⌀23
SM#KM330;1995500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM331;19951000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
SM#KM332;19951000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM349;19961 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM350;19962 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM351;19965 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM352;199610 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM353;199620 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM354;199650 LireST;?g;⌀17
SM#KM355;1996100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM356;1996200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM357;1996500 LireST(AZ);6.83g;⌀26
SM#KM358;19961000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM359;19971 LiraAl;?g;⌀17
SM#KM360;19972 LireAl;?g;⌀18
SM#KM361;19975 LireAl;?g;⌀20
SM#KM362;199710 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM363;199720 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM364;199750 LireST;?g;⌀19
SM#KM365;1997100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM366;1997200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM367;1997500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM368;19971000 LireAZ(ST);?g;⌀27
SM#KM369;19971000 LireAg;?g;⌀31
 
SM#KM378;199810 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM379;199820 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM380;199850 LireST;?g;⌀19
SM#KM381;1998100 LireCN;?g;⌀21
SM#KM382;1998200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM383;1998500 LireST(AZ);6.79g;⌀26
SM#KM384;19981000 LireAZ(CN);?g;⌀27
SM#KM385;19985000 LireAg;?g;⌀32*3
 
SM#KM389;199910 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM390;199920 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM391;199950 LireCN;?g;⌀19
SM#KM392;1999100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM393;1999200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM394;1999500 LireST(AZ);6.74g;⌀26
SM#KM395;19991000 LireAZ(CN);?g;⌀27
SM#KM396;19995000 LireAg;?g;⌀32*3
 
SM#KM399;200010 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM400;200020 LireAZ;?g;⌀21
SM#KM401;200050 LireCN;?g;⌀19
SM#KM402;2000100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM403;2000200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM404;2000500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM405;20001000 LireAZ(CN);?g;⌀27
SM#KM406;20005000 LireAg;?g;⌀32*3
 
SM#KM424;200110 LireAl;?g;⌀23
SM#KM425;200120 LireAZ;?g;⌀22
SM#KM426;200150 LireCN;?g;⌀19
SM#KM427;2001100 LireCN;?g;⌀22
SM#KM428;2001200 LireAZ;?g;⌀24
SM#KM429;2001500 LireST(AZ);?g;⌀26
SM#KM430;20011000 LireAZ(ST);?g;⌀27
SM#KM431;20015000 LireAg;?g;⌀32*3
SM#KM437;200110000 LireAg;22.02g;⌀34*3last lire coinage
 
SM#KM440;20031 Cent;(Rome)CS;2.3g;⌀16
SM#KM441;20032 Cent;(Rome)CS;3g;⌀19
SM#KM442;20035 Cent;(Rome)CS;3.9g;⌀21
SM#KM443;200310 Cent;(Rome)NG;4.1g;⌀20
SM#KM444;200320 Cent;(Rome)NG;5.7g;⌀22
SM#KM445;200350 Cent;(Rome)NG;7.8g;⌀24
SM#KM446;20031 Euro;(Rome)BR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
SM#KM447;20032 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
 
SM#KM440:08;20081 Cent;(Rome)CS;2.3g;⌀16
SM#KM441:08;20082 Cent;(Rome)CS;3g;⌀19
SM#KM442:08;20085 Cent;(Rome)CS;3.9g;⌀21
SM#KM482;200810 Cent;(Rome)NG;4.1g;⌀20
SM#KM483;200820 Cent;(Rome)NG;5.7g;⌀22
SM#KM484;200850 Cent;(Rome)NG;7.8g;⌀24
SM#KM485;20081 Euro;(Rome)BR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
SM#KM486;20082 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
 
SM#KM452;20035 Euro;(Rome)Ag;18.05g;⌀32*3
SM#KM453;20035 Euro;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀32*3
SM#KM454;200310 Euro;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀34*3
SM#KM455;200320 Euro;(Rome)Au;6.5g;⌀20F8.93
SM#KM467;20042 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26Bartolomeo Borghesi
SM#KM469;20052 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26Galileo Galilei at telescope
SM#KM478;20062 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26500th day of death Christopher Columbus
SM#KM481;20072 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26200th day of birth Giuseppe Garibaldi
SM#KM487;20082 Euro;(Rome)CN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26European year of Intercultural Dialogue
SM#KM490;2009(-09-05)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26Creativitiy and Innovation
SM#KM494;2010(-09-07)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26500th day of death Sandra Botticeli
SM#KM500;2011(-06-04)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26500th day of birth Hgiorgio Vasari
SM#KM519;2012(-06-19)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀2610 years euro money
SM#UC100;2013(-09-13)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Pinturicchio
SM#Z1421;2014(-06-23)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Bramante Lazzari delle Penne
SM#Z1422;2014(-09-29)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀2690 years Death of Giacomo Puccini
SM#UC102;2015(-04-08)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26750 years birth of Dante Alighieri
SM#UC101;2015(-09-29)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀2625 years German Unity
SM#UC104;2016(-04-05)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26550 years Death of Donatello
SM#UC103;2016(-05-22)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26400 years Willian Shakespeare
SM#UC106;2017(-03-30)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26750th birthday Giotto
SM#UC105;2017(-08-31)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Sustainable Tourism for Development
SM#UC201;2017(-08-31)5 EuroAZ(CN);?g;Hg2730th birthday Marco Simoncelli
SM#UC107;2018(-04-05)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26500 years birth of Tintoretto
SM#UC108;2018(-09-20)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26420 years birth of Gian Lorenzo Bernini
 
SM#Z1701;20171 CentCS;?g;⌀16
SM#Z1702;20172 CentCS;?g;⌀19
SM#Z1705;20175 CentCS;?g;⌀21
SM#Z1707;201710 CentNG;?g;⌀20
SM#Z1708;201720 CentNG;?g;⌀22
SM#Z1709;201750 CentNG;?g;⌀24
SM#Z1710;20171 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);?g;⌀23
SM#Z1720;20172 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26

 
PAPAL STATES (752 - 1870) 
 
reference(s)author(s)title(s)
B(.)Berman,Allen G.:Papal Coins (731-1990)
BI(.)Biaggi,Elio:Monete e Zecche Medioevali Italiane ...
C(r).Craig,William D.:Coins of the World (1750-1850)
CNI(.)N.N.Corpus Nummorum Italicorum 
CG(.)Ciavaglia,William:la zecca di fano
D(av.)Davenport,J.S.:1 European Crowns & Talers .. (1484-)
DLS(.)Davenport,J.S.:Large Size (World) Silver Coins .. (1500-1900)
DM(.)DeMey,Jean:Les Monnaies du Comtat Venaissin
Ek(l.)Eklund,O.P.:The Copper Coinage of the Papal States (1556-1869)
F(1.)*Friedberg:Gold Coins of the World (1st)
F8(.)Friedberg:Gold Coins of the World (8th)
G(i.)Gigante:Monete Italiane ...
K(M)*Krause & Mishler:... Catalog of World Coins ... (1601-)
MB(.)Mishler & Bruce:... World Coins ... (-1600)
M(u.)Muntoni,Francesco:le monete dei papi e degli stati pontifici
Pag(.)Pagani,A.:Monete Italiane (1796-1963)
PDA(.)Poey d'Avant,Faustin:monnaies feodales de France ...
R(y.)Ryan,John Carlin:A Handbook of Papal Coins (1268-1534)
S(f.)Serafini,Camillo:Le monete .. pontificie del Medagliere Vaticano
SBG(.)Schlumberger,Hans:Goldmünzen Europas (1800-1997)
Sch(.)Schön,G.:Welt-Münzenkatalog ...
V(a.)Varesi,Clelio:Monete italiane contemporanee/regionali
Y(e.)Yeoman,R.S.:Current/Modern World Coins
Zno catalog reference
 
Italian/Papal/Mints/Regions
AP:Ascoli PicenoAN:AnconaAQ:(L')Aquila degli Abruzzi
AV:Avignon(e)BO:BolognaAM:Camerino
CU:CapuaCP:CarpentrasCV:Civitavecchia
FB:FabrianoFL:FolignoFM:Fermo (=> Ascoli)
FN:FanoFE(r):Ferrara (republic)FU:Forte Urbano
GU:GubbioMC:MacerataML:Matelica (=> Macerata)
MO:ModenaMF:MontefiasconeMT:Montalto (=> Marche)
MN:Mantua/MantovaOV:OrvietoPM:the Patrimony/del Patrimonio
PC:PiacenzaPL:Pergola (=> Pesaro)PR:Parma
SG:(Pont de) SorguesPS:Pesaro (e Urbino)PG:Perugia
RT:RecanatiRE:Reggio EmiliaRL:Ronciglione
RM(r):Rome/Roma (republic)RA:RavennaSL:Spoleto
SN:San Severino (Marche)TG:TagliacozzaTR:Terni
TI:TivoliUB:UrbinoVT:Viterbo

papal name (pontificate dates)
pope birth name (pope no.)
 
CC#cat;(date(s))denomination;(mint or press)(material);specs(reference(s)); (infos)

POPE GREGORY IV (late 827-25.1.844)
with Lothair I (+29.9.855)
 
Gregory IV was elected largely through the support of the Roman nobility and the Western emperor, upon whom Gregory would remain very dependent
throughout his papacy.
 
VA#B00231 Denaro;(Rome)Ag;1.11g;⌀23BI2020,MGG04:4

ANONYMOUS ISSUES (Mid-late XII Century)
Roman Senate
 
VA#B00941 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.9g;⌀18BI2080?
 
ANONYMOUS ISSUES (XIII Century)
 
VA#B01161 Samperino (12 Denari Provisini)Ag;1.44g;⌀19MRS:74

SENATORIAL ISSUES (Mid-late XIII/XIV Centuries)
 
Brancaleone degli Andalò (1252-55,57-?.58)
 
VA#B00961 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;3.41g;⌀22MRS:2
 
Charles of Anjou (1263-66,68-78,81-84)
 
VA#B01021 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;3.29g;⌀25MRS:7,BI2088
VA#B01091 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.51g;⌀17MRS:20
 
Cola di Rienzo (20.5.1347-15.12.1347)
Roman Tribune
 
Cola di Rienzo war ein römischer Politiker und Volkstribun. Cola di Rienzo ist bis heute eine umstrittene Figur: Für die einen ist er ein Humanist und Fixstern
der Renaissance, für die anderen ein größenwahnsinniger Tyrann. Seine Zeit­genossen neigten zur letzteren Auffassung, denn er wurde am 8. Oktober 1354
erschlagen, seine Leiche wurde durch die Straßen von Rom geschleift und an einer Hauswand aufgehängt.
 
VA#B01171 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.45g;⌀15BI2128
VA#B01181 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.6g;⌀14MRZ:2
 
Annibaldi family-Orsini family
 
VA#B01351 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;2.36g;⌀22
 
ANONYMOUS (XIII/XIV Centuries)
 
VA#B01491 Ducato;(Rome)Au;3.54g;⌀20CNI.657,F8RM2
VA#B01521 Ducato;(Rome)Au;3.52g;⌀21F8RM2,M.134v1
VA#B0155/11 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.5g;⌀15
VA#B0155/21 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.52g;⌀15BI2119?,M.82/88
VA#B0155/31 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.33g;⌀13M.84
VA#B01561 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.8g;⌀16
VA#B01591 Denaro Piccolo;(Rome)BL;0.39g;⌀14BI2120
VA#B01601 Denaro Piccolo;(Rome)BL;0.48g;⌀15BI2120v,M.97
VA#B01611 Denaro Piccolo;(Rome)BL;0.6g;⌀15

SEDE VACANTE (29.11.1268-1.9.1271)
Odo of Châteauroux (+25.1.1273)
 
some sources shows Pietro de Montebruno for this period, but he didn't became Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church before 1272.
 
VA#B01641 Denaro Paparino;(Viterbo)BL;0.45g;⌀16MSV68:2,R182/183:1; thin flan

POPE JOHN XXII (7.8.1316-4.12.1334)
Jacques Arnaud d'Euse (197)
 
Pope John XXII is known for Centralizing church power (through the appointment of bishops) and Centralizing church finances (through the
imposition of papal taxes). Because of his desire to gain greater power and autonomy for the Catholic Church, he predictably was also characterized by
regular conflict with the dominant secular authority at the time, emperor Louis of Bavaria.
 
VA#B01721 Picciolo;(Macerata)BL;0.4g;⌀15R195:1
VA#B01731 Denaro;(Montefiascone)BL;0.3g;⌀16BI1608,R195:4
VA#B01761 Gros Tournois;(Pont de Sorgues)Ag;3.8g;⌀24MGV22:7,PDA4142,R195:6

POPE URBAN V (28.9.1362-19.12.1370)
Guillaume de Grimoard (201)
 
A Benedictine monk who once taught theology, Urban V, was something of disciplinarian who eschewed the pomp and festival which other popes seemed
to enjoyed.
 
VA#B01981 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;1g;⌀18R199:1
VA#B01991 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀18BI2131,R199:2
VA#B02011 Florin;(Avignon)Au;3.5g;⌀20FRM3,F8AV29,MUR05:2,R199:11
VA#B02041 Sesino (Quarter Gros);(Avignon)BL;1.31g;⌀22MUR05:7,R199:8
VA#B02051 Double Denier;(Avignon)BL;0.74g;⌀18R199:7

POPE GREGORY XI (30.12.1370-26.3.1378)
Pierre Roger de Beaufort (202)
 
The election of Gregory XI was the last time anyone from France would hold the papal throne. He could be considered a "hopeful" pope - he hoped to move
the papal residence from Avignon back to Rome, he hoped to reunite the Western Latin and Eastern Orthodox Churches, and he hoped to launch a
Crusade against the Turks.
 
VA#B02071 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;1.13g;⌀18MGG11:4,R200:1
VA#B02081 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀18BI2132,R200:1
VA#B02091 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;1.15g;⌀18R200:1
VA#B02101 Bolognino;(Bologna)BL;0.38g;⌀15MGG11:18,R200:8
VA#B02131 Gros (Carlin);(Avignon)Ag;2.3g;⌀25MGG11:14,R200:5; hole

ANTIPOPE CLEMENT VII (20.9.1378-16.9.1394)
Robert dei Conti del Genevois
 
VA#B02321 Gros;(Avignon)Ag;2.26g;⌀23R:RG:26
VA#B02351 Double Denier;(Avignon)BL;1.25g;⌀22R:RG:2

POPE BONIFACE IX (2.11.1389-1.10.1404)
Pietro Tomacelli (204)
 
Pope Boniface IX was the second pope during the Great Western Schism and his failure to do much to end this rift causes most to regard his papacy as
something of a failure.
 
VA#B02391 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;0.9g;⌀17BI2135,R202:2
VA#B02401 Denaro Provisino;(Rome)BL;0.46g;⌀15R202:1

POPE MARTIN V (11.11.1417-20.2.1431)
Oddone Colonna (207)
 
The election of Martin V served to end the Great Schism of the West - there had been three rival popes and, after the Council of Constance, there was
only one: Martin V.
 
VA#B02711 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;2.78g;⌀25BI2145,R205:4
VA#B02731 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;0.7g;⌀16BI2147,R205:2?
VA#B0285/11 Carlin;(Avignon)Ag;1.89g;⌀24MMA05:32,R205:11; hole
VA#B0285/21 Carlin;(Avignon)Ag;2.05g;⌀23
VA#B02872 Denier;(Avignon)BL;1.05g;⌀20MMA05:34,R205:9

POPE EUGENE IV (3.3.1431-23.2.1447)
Gabriele Condulmer (208)
 
An Augustinian monk and a nephew of Pope Gregory XII, Eugene IV was chosen by the cardinals in large part because they were looking for someone who
would treat them less as servants of the papacy and more as partners when it came to adminstering the Church and making decisions about theology and
doctrine.
 
VA#B03161 Bolognino;(Fermo)Ag;1.02g;⌀18MEU04:37,R206:21
VA#B03211 Denier;(Avignon)BL;0.82g;⌀17R206:13

POPE NICHOLAS V (6.3.1447-24.3.1455)
Tommaso Parentucelli (209)
 
Pope Nicholas V was the first of the Renaissance popes and is known as a Humanist Pope because of the resources he devoted to scholarship and learn-
ing. He founded the Vatican Library and invested considerable sums for the translation of Greek literature.
 
VA#B03261 Ducato Papale;(Rome)Au;3.44g;⌀23MNI05:4,R207:4
VA#B03311 Picciolo;(Rome)BL;0.84g;⌀14MNI05:15v,R207:1

POPE CALLISTUS III (8.4.1455-6.8.1458)
Alonso de Borja (210)
 
Callistus III was born into the infamous Borgia family and one of the nephews which he named as cardinal would himself later become pope and
take the name Pope Alexander VI. The only reason that Callistus appears to have been elected in the first place was that he was so old and feeble that
all of the cardinals considered him a safe compromise.
 
VA#B03521 Picciolo;(Rome)BL;0.57g;⌀14MCX03:14,R208:1

POPE PIUS II (19.8.1458-15.8.1464)
Enea Silvio Piccolomini (211)
 
Pius II was an enthusiastic supporter of crusades against the Turks - he called for a new one in 1458, but his political alliances caused France to
refuse to participate; this effectively ended any hopes for a new military expedition to the Holy Lands.
 
VA#B03651 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;3.57g;⌀27MPO02:16v,R209:4
VA#B03661 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;0.45g;⌀15R209:3
VA#B03671 Bolognino;(Rome)Ag;0.54g;⌀15MPO02:22,R209:3
VA#B03851 Picciolo;(Spoleto)BL;0.65g;⌀15R209:15

POPE PAUL II (30.8.1464-26.7.1471)
Pietro Barbo (212)
 
Himself a beneficiary of nepotism because his uncle, Pope Eugenius IV, Pope Paul II, promised to end the practice during his reign - along with other
reforms which were designed to improve the morals and administration of the Vatican.
 
VA#B04111 Bolognino RomanoAg;0.60g;⌀15MPA02:37
VA#B04171 Picciolo;(Rome)BL;0.59g;⌀14MPA02:46
VA#B04191 Picciolo;(Rome)BL;0.67g;⌀13MPA02:48
VA#B04301 Ducato;(Bologna)Au;3.26;⌀12BI406,F8BO325,MPA02:71,R210:28
VA#B04411 Bolognino Marchigiano;(Spoleto)Ag;0.82;⌀17MPA02:84,R210:33
VA#B04421 Quattrino;(Spoleto)BL;0.5g;⌀16R210:31

POPE SIXTUS IV (9.8.1471-12.8.1484)
Francesco Della Rovere (213)
 
One of the first acts of Sixtus IV after being elected was to encourage the leaders of France, Spain, Germany, Hungary, and Poland to pursue a new
crusade against the Turks - but the crusade accomplished little in the end.
 
VA#B04481 Fiorino di Camera;(Rome)Au;3.36g;⌀21MSX04:12,R211:8
VA#B04521 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;3.00g;⌀25MSX04:16
VA#B04631 Picciolo;(Rome)BL;0.75g;⌀14MSX04:35,R211:1
VA#B04691 Picciolo;(Ascoli)BL/AE;0.57g;⌀15MSX04:45,R211:19
VA#B04801 Bolognino Papale;(Viterbo)Ag;1.14g;⌀20CNI3,R211:34
VA#B04811 Quattrino;(Viterbo)BL;1.20g;⌀19MSX04:65,R211:32
VA#B04821 Quattrino;(Viterbo)BL;1.31g;⌀19MSX04:67/68,R211:33

ANONYMOUS ISSUES (XV Century)
 
VA#B02951 Quattrino of 2 Denari;(Bologna)BL;0.65g;⌀17
VA#B02971 Quattrino fo 2 Denari;(Bologna)BL;0.53g;⌀16M.15
VA#B02981 Bolognino;(Camerino)Ag;0.77g;⌀18CNI.13
VA#B03901 Picciolo;(Ascoli)BL;0.50g;⌀14Martin V?
VA#B04951 Picciolo;(Macerata)BL;0.37g;⌀14CNI.27,M.8
VA#B05221 Quattrino;(Bologna)BL;0.48g;⌀16M.17
VA#B05231 Quattrino;(Bologna)BL;0.57g;⌀15M.19v1

POPE INNOCENT VIII (29.8.1484-25.7.1492)
Giovanni Battista Cybo (214)
 
Pope Innocent VIII was not aptly named - his papacy was one of the most worldly and corrupt on record. Matters started out badly enough because his
election was due in large part to the scheming of Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere.
 
VA#B05011 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;1.4g;⌀18MIN08:9,R212:2
VA#B05071 Picciolo;(Ancona)BL;0.50g;⌀16MIN08:16,R212:8
VA#B05081 Cavallo;(Aquila degli Abruzzi)AE;2.7g;⌀21R212:12
VA#B05201 Denier;(Avignon)BL;0.57g;⌀16R212:13

POPE ALEXANDER VI (11.8.1492-18.8.1503)
Rodrigo de Borja y Borja (215)
 
Alexander VI's maternal uncle was Callixtus III, who quickly made Rodrigo bishop, cardinal and vice-chancellor of the church. Despite such nepotism,
he served five different popes and proved to be a capable administrator. His private life was something else, however, and he had many mistresses.
 
VA#B05321 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;2.24g;⌀23MAX06:16,BI2233,R213:4
VA#B05381 Grosso;(Ancona)Ag;2.68g;⌀25MAX06:23,R213:15
VA#B05431 Quattrino;(Ascoli)AE;1.62g;⌀18R213:17
VA#ZE7341 Doppio Quattrino;(Ascoli)AE;1.90g;⌀20MZ103v
VA#B05481 Carlin (half Gros);(Avignon)Ag;1.05g;⌀21R213:20

POPE JULIUS II (31.10.1503-21.2.1513)
Giuliano Della Rovere (217)
 
Pope Julius II was the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV and, because of this family connection, he moved around among a lot of different positions of power and
authority within the Roman Catholic Church - eventually holding some eight bishoprics in total and then later serving as papal legate to France.
 
VA#B05731 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.76g;⌀28MGL02:27,R215:19
VA#B05741 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.05g;⌀26MGL02:30
VA#B05761 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.96g;⌀28MGL02:34
VA#B0580⅓ Giulio;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀20R215:2
VA#B05821 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;0.45g;⌀17R215:7
VA#B05841 Picciolo;(Rome)BL;0.65g;⌀15MGL02:49,R215:13
VA#B05911 Giulio;(Ancona)Ag;?g;⌀28R215:15
VA#B06091 Picciolo;(Fano)BL;0.26g;⌀14CG9,R215:51
VA#B06241 Quattrino;(Viterbo)BL;0.54g;⌀16R215:61

POPE LEO X (9.3.1513-1.12.1521)
Giovanni de'Medici (218)
 
Pope Leo X will forever be known as the pope of the beginning of Protestant Reformation. It was during his reign that Martin Luther felt forced to react
to certain church excesses - in particular, excesses for which Leo himself was responsible.
 
VA#B06511 Baiocco;(Rome)Ag;0.35g;⌀14MLN10:46?,R216:6
VA#B06561 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;0.65g;⌀17R216:4
VA#B06571 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;0.61g;⌀17MLN10:54,R216:3
VA#B06821 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.8g;⌀18MLN10:91,R216:29
VA#B06831 Picciolo;(Ancona)BL;0.39g;⌀16MLN10:92,R216:28
VA#B07071 Quattrino;(Foligno)BL;0.73g;⌀16CNI.12,R216:60
VA#B07211 Quattrino;(Perugia)BL;0.62g;⌀17MLN10:153,R216:71
VA#B0729½ Giulio;(Ravenna)Ag;1.58g;⌀23R216:83
VA#B07321 Bagattino;(Reggio Emilia)AE;1.90g;⌀16R216:86

ANONYMOUS (XVI Century)
 
VA#B07401 Grosso;(Ancona)Ag;1.17g;⌀21CNI.8v; Clement VII?
VA#B07521 Bolognini Marchigiano;(Ancona)Ag;0.46g;⌀16M.22; Clement VII?
VA#B07581 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.56g;⌀17M.35v1; Clement VII?
VA#B07611 Carlino;(Bologna)Ag;2.00g;⌀22M.28; Clement VII?
VA#B07621 Carlino;(Bologna)Ag;2.00g;⌀22M.30; Clement VII?
VA#B0769½ Giulio;(Parma)BL;2.04g;⌀19Hadrian VI?
VA#B07741 Sesino;(Parma)BL;0.6g;⌀17Hadrian VI?
VA#B0788½ Giulio;(Piacenza)Ag;1.95g;⌀20Hadrian VI?
VA#B07901 Sesino;(Piacenza)BL;0.69g;⌀18Hadrian VI?
VA#B07911 Quattrino;(Piacenza)BL;0.65g;⌀16Hadrian VI?

POPE HADRIAN VI (9.1.1522-14.9.1523)
Adrian Florensz (219)
 
Once a Head Inquisitor for the Inquisition, Adrian VI was a reform-minded pope, trying to improve matters within the Church by attacking the various
abuses of power one-by-one.
 
VA#B0812½ Giulio;(Piacenza)Ag;2.04g;⌀21R217:15

POPE CLEMENT VII (19.11.1523-25.9.1534)
Giulio de' Medici (220)
 
Member of the powerful Medici family, Clement VII possessed great political and diplomatic skills - but he lacked the understanding of the age necessary
to cope with the political and religious changes he faced.
 
VA#B08412*Carlino;(Rome)Ag;4.58g;⌀26R218:31,S.34
VA#B0846½ Giulio;(Rome)Ag;1.31g;⌀22MCL07:60
VA#B08551 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;0.84g;⌀17MCL07:72,R218:26

POPE PAUL III (13.10.1534-10.11.1549)
Alessandro Farnese (221)
 
Paul III was the first pope of the Counter Reformation, inaugurating the Council of Trent on December 13, 1547. Paul was generally reform-minded, but
he was also a strong supporter of the Jesuits, an organization which worked diligently to enforce orthodoxy within the Catholic Church.
 
VA#B09051 Scudo;(Rome)Au;3.45g;⌀25MPA03:23
VA#B09101 Paolo (Giulio);(Rome)Ag;2.70g;⌀26MPA03:54
VA#B0912;A.XIII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.21g;⌀21
VA#B09161 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.73g;⌀22with hole
VA#B09201 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;0.57g;⌀16MPA03:76
VA#B09251 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.76g;⌀19MPA03:84
VA#B09271 Bianco;(Bologna)Ag;4.99g;⌀30MPA03:100
VA#B09431 Quattrino;(Camerino)BL;0.57g;⌀18MPA03:128
VA#B09441 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.5g;⌀18CNI.152,CG10,MPA03:130
VA#B09451 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;?g;⌀17CNI.23,MPA03:131
VA#B0949;A.XIII1 Giulio;(Macerata)Ag;3.11g;⌀28MPA03:136
VA#B949A1 Giulio;(Macerata)Ag;3.29g;⌀28MPA03:144
VA#B0951;A.XIII1 Grosso;(Macerata)Ag;?g;⌀22MPA03:148
VA#B09561 Quattrino;(Macerata)BL;0.6g;⌀17
VA#B09711 Grosso;(Piacenza)Ag;1.46g;⌀22MPA03:179v
VA#B09741 Carlin;(Avignon)Ag;0.9g;⌀19

POPE JULIUS III (7.2.1550-23.3.1555)
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (222)
 
Early on Julius III was persuaded by emperor Charles V to recall the Council of Trent, which had been suspended in 1548. During its six sessions
Protestant theologians attended and conferred with Catholics, but nothing ultimately came of it.
 
VA#B09941 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.88g;⌀27MGL03:29
VA#B09981 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.48g;⌀23MGL03:33
VA#B10061 Baiocco (¼ Grosso);(Rome)Ag;0.28g;⌀12
VA#B1013/11 Giulio;(Ancona)Ag;2.8g;⌀27MGL03:58,S.179
VA#B1013/21 Giulio;(Ancona)Ag;2.9g;⌀26
VA#B10181 Bianco;(Bologna)Ag;4.88g;⌀29S.188
VA#B10241 Sesino;(Bologna)BL;1.11g;⌀17MGL03:72
VA#B10281 Carlin;(Avignon)Ag;1.05g;⌀19PDA4291

SEDE VACANTE (23.3.-9.4.1555,1-23.5.1555)
Guido Ascanio Sforza (+6.10.1564)
 
VA#B10301 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.09g;⌀27MSV55:2

POPE PAUL IV (23.5.1555-18.8.1559)
Gianpietro Carafa (224)
 
Responsible for reorganizing the Inquisition in Italy while archbishop of Naples, many were surprised that such a rigid and uncompromising person
would be selected to become pope. He established the Index of Forbidden Books. He also segregated Jews to a special quarter of Rome and required
them to wear special headgear.
 
VA#B10391 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.52g;⌀29
VA#B10401 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.5g;⌀25
VA#B1045;15571 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;9.07g;⌀30
VA#B10461 Giulio;(Ancona)Ag;3.2g;⌀27
VA#B10561 Carlin;(Avignon)Ag;1.1g;⌀18

SEDE VACANTE (18.8.-25.12.1559)
Guido Ascanio Sforza (+6.10.1564)
 
VA#B1059;15591 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.06g;⌀27

POPE PIUS IV (25.12.1559-9.12.1565)
Giovannangelo de'Medici (225)
 
One of the most important actions taken by Pope Pius IV was to econvene the Council of Trent on January. 18, 1562, which been suspended for ten years.
 
VA#B10631 Testone;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀30MPO04:9
VA#B10661 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.58g;⌀26
VA#B10681 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.95g;⌀27
VA#B10761 Bianco (half Lira);(Bologna)Ag;4.5g;⌀29
VA#B10781 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.42g;⌀15
VA#B10801 Testone;(Macerata)Ag;9.03g;⌀30MPO04:77
VA#B10851 Carlin;(Avignon)BL;1.00g;⌀19
VA#B10861 Carlin;(Avignon)BL;1.02g;⌀17BD943

POPE PIUS V (7.1.1566-1.5.1572)
Antonio (Michele) Ghisliere (226)
 
A member of the Dominican order, Pius V worked hard to improve the position of the papacy. Internally, he cut expenditures and externally, he increased
the power and effectiveness of the Inquistion and expanded the use of the Index of Forbidden Books. He excommunicated Queen Elizabeth of England.
 
VA#B10971 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.84g;⌀28MPO05:11
VA#B11041 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;0.5g;⌀17
VA#B11051 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;9.40g;⌀29MPO05:32
VA#B11061 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;9.28g;⌀30MPO05:33
VA#B11161 Bianco;(Bologna)Ag;4.89g;⌀30MPO05:49
VA#B11221 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.46g;⌀16CG16,MPO05:55
VA#B11241 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.57?g;⌀16CG16,MPO05:59
VA#B11291 Quattrino;(Macerata)BL;0.53g;⌀16MPO05:69
VA#B11321 Carlin;(Avignon)Ag;1.00g;⌀18BD945

POPE GREGORY XIII (13.5.1572-10.4.1585)
Ugo Boncompagni (227)
 
Gregory XIII played an important role at Council of Trent (1545,1559-63) and was a vociferous critic of German Protestants.
 
VA#B11441 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.16g;⌀27MGG13:13a
VA#B11451 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.98g;⌀31MGG13:14
VA#B11491 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.11g;⌀30MGG13:21
VA#B1152;15751 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.2g;⌀28
VA#B11821 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.53g;⌀25MGG13:133
VA#B11841 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀27S307/311
VA#B1198½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀19
VA#B12011 QuattrinoBL;0.57g;⌀16MGG13:161
VA#B12031 QuattrinoBL;0.5g;⌀16MGG13:169g
VA#B12041 QuattrinoBL;0.54g;⌀16MGG13:166
VA#B12051 QuattrinoBL;0.5g;⌀16MGG13:172
VA#B1212;15751 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;9.25g;⌀30MGG13:187
VA#B1213;15821 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;9.42g;⌀30
VA#B12151 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;9.22g;⌀30
VA#B12181 Testone;(Ancona)Ag;8.5g;⌀28
VA#B12261 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;?g;⌀16CNI54,MGG13:316
VA#B12291 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.78g;⌀17
VA#B12311 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.58g;⌀18
VA#B1235/11 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.7g;⌀16
VA#B1235/21 Quattrino;(Ancona)BL;0.46g;⌀16
VA#B12561 Sesino;(Bologna)BL;0.99g;⌀17Ch.384,CNI.60,MGG13:368
VA#B12671 Giulio;(Fano)Ag;?g;⌀26S710
VA#B12711 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.60g;⌀15CG34,MGG13:398
VA#B12741 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.51g;⌀16CG35,MGG13:405
VA#B12751 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.6g;⌀17CG36
VA#B13821 Giulio;(Macerata)Ag;?g;⌀25S804v
VA#B12881 Quattrino;(Macerata)BL;0.74g;⌀18
VA#B12956 Blancs;(Avignon)BL;3.36g;⌀28MGG13:341
VA#B12981 Douzain;(Avignon)BL;2.25g;⌀25DM181,PDA4314

POPE SIXTUS V (25.4.1585-27.8.1590)
Felice Peretti (228)
 
While still a priest, Perettie was a fiery opponent of the Protestant Reformation and his work was directly supported by powerful figures in the
Church, including Cardinal Carafa (later Pope Paul IV), Cardinal Ghislieri (later Pope Pius V), and St. Ignatius of Loyola.
 
VA#B13171 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.9g;⌀29CNI.197
VA#B13201 Testone;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀30CNI.225,MSX05:20
VA#B1325;A.IV1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.19g;⌀29MSX05:38
VA#B1336;(1585)/A.I1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀28S136
VA#B13631 Giulio (Sisto);(Bologna)Ag;?g;⌀25S326
VA#B13641 Giulio;(Bologna)Ag;2.94g;⌀26MSX05:100
VA#B13661 Sesino;(Bologna)BL;1.0g;⌀17
VA#B13761 Quattrino;(Fano)BL;0.51g;⌀16CG46,MSX05:117
VA#B1383;15891 Baiocco;(Montalto)BL;0.9g;⌀18MSX05:125
VA#B13841 Baiocco;(Montalto)BL;1.03?g;⌀17MIR1380
VA#B13871 Quattrino;(Montalto)BL;0.45g;⌀16
VA#B1390;15876 Blancs;(Avignon)BL;3.35g;⌀27DM191,MSX05:88a

SEDE VACANTE (16-29.10.1591,30.12.1591-30.1.1592)
Enrico Caetani (+13.12.1599)
 
VA#B14301 Quattrino;(Bologna)BL;0.49g;⌀16

POPE CLEMENT VIII (30.1.1592-3.3.1605)
Ippolito Aldobrandini (232)
 
The most important political event during Clement VIII's papacy was his reconciliation with Henry IV of France when Clement recognized the latter as
King of France in 1595 - despite the Edict of Nantes.
 
VA#B1440;1600/A.IX1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.40g;⌀30MCL08:12
VA#B1446;15921 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.28g;⌀32S.68
VA#B1465½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.62g;⌀17MCL08:64
VA#B1473;16001 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.2g;⌀23EK480
VA#B14791 Sesino;(Bologna)BL;0.62g;⌀17
VA#B1481;16041 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.45g;⌀19EK489
VA#B1487;(1599)1 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;2.73g;⌀21MCL08:157
VA#B15141 Douzain;(Avignon)BL;2.30g;⌀24KAV2,MCL08:107
VA#B1516;15941 Douzain;(Avignon)BL;2.17g;⌀24KAV2,MCL08:108
VA#B1518;16011 Douzain;(Avignon)BL;2.23g;⌀25KAV2,DM248
VA#B15221 Patard;(Avignon)AE;0.6g;⌀15EK486,KAV1
VA#B1525;159Z1 Douzain;(Carpentras)BL;2.22g;⌀25MCL08:133
VA#B15281 Douzain;(Carpentras)BL;2.06g;⌀25
VA#B1529;15941 Douzain;(Carpentras)BL;?g;⌀25MCL08:143
VA#B15301 Patard;(Carpentras)BL;1.26g;⌀16MCL08:145

POPE PAUL V (16.5.1605-28.1.1621)
Camillo Borghese (234)
 
Paul V was considered an ideal candidate for the papacy because he was not attached to any particular political faction within the Church or Roman
society. Politically, however, he made few friends. He censured Galileo.
 
VA#B1549;A.VIII1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.68g;⌀28KRM69
VA#B1553;A.V1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.31?g;⌀30KRM51
VA#B1560;A.II1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.29g;⌀30KRM41
VA#B1564;A.XI1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.18g;⌀31MPA05:83A
VA#B15721 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.56g;⌀19KRM50,MPA05:107
VA#B1575;A.XII½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.67g;⌀16KRM78,MPA05:115
VA#B1576½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.58g;⌀15KRM77,MPA05:119
VA#B15831 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;3.9g;⌀22EK494,KRM21
VA#B15841 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.9g;⌀21EK492,KRM22
VA#B1585;16071 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;3.65g;⌀22CNI.6,EK493,KRM35
VA#B1586;A.VII1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.9g;⌀23EK493,KRM64
VA#B1600;1612½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;9.05g;⌀27EK499,KBO20
VA#B1601;16101 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.4g;⌀21EK498,KBO13
VA#B1612;A.VIII1 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;2.3g;⌀20KFE15
VA#B1613;A.VIII1 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;2.81g;⌀20KFE16,MPA05:237
VA#B1614;A.VIII1 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;2.7g;⌀20EK503,KFE17

POPE GREGORY XV (9.2.1621-8.7.1623)
Alessandro Ludovisi (235)
 
Gregory XV, the first pope to be educated by Jesuits, hoped to support Catholic forces who were fighting Protestants in Germany, but was able to
achieve little aside from reinstating the dominance of Catholicism in Bohemia.
 
VA#B1654½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀15KRM92,MGG15:24
VA#B1656/11 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;3.06g;⌀22EK505,MGG15:28
VA#B1656/21 Quattrino;(Rome)BL;3.55g;⌀22
VA#B1657;1621½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;8.42g;⌀29KBO31,MGG15:36,Ch.499?
VA#B1658;16211 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.78g;⌀20KBO30
VA#B1663½ Grosso;(Ferrara)Ag;0.6g;⌀15KFE8

POPE URBAN VIII (6.8.1623-29.7.1644)
Maffeo Barberini (236)
 
Pope Urban VIII is known for a number of things, not least of which was his nepotism. Historians have even gone so far as to label his actions "reckless
nepotism" because he went so much further than other popes.
 
VA#B1721;1632/A.VIII1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀28KRM176,MUR08:50
VA#B1729;A.XIV1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.36g;⌀30KRM193,MUR08:81
VA#B1731;A.XII1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.2g;⌀25CNI.449,KRM161,MUR08:88v
VA#B1735;A.III1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.77g;⌀25KRM143
VA#B1740/11 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀21KRM156,MUR08:126v1
VA#B1740/2;A.XVIII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.98g;⌀20MUR08:121a
VA#B1754½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.68g;⌀16KRM204,MUR08:157
VA#B1756;A.X½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.61g;⌀14KM-,MUR08:165
VA#B1759;A.II½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.59g;⌀15KRM108
VA#B1770;A.XIII1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;3.2g;⌀20EK525,KRM186
VA#B17711 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;3.0g;⌀19EK524,KRM187,MUR08:194
VA#B1775;16301 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;3.2g;⌀19EK532,KBO32
VA#B1778;16241 Grosso;(Ferrara)Ag;1.38g;⌀21KFE52,MUR08:242
VA#B1780;16361 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;2.23g;⌀22EK536,KFE60
VA#B17961 Jules (Clementino);(Avignon)Ag;2.8g;⌀25KAV44
VA#B1802;16352*Tournois;(Avignon)AE;2.1g;⌀20EK527,KAV53
VA#B1803Patard;(Avignon)Cu;?g;⌀15EK527,KAV41,MUR08:231

POPE INNOCENT X (15.9.1644-7.1.1655)
Giovanni Battista Pamphilj (237)
 
Pope Innocent X switched the papal favor from France to Spain, leading to widespread political repercussions. However, not all papal actions were
taken quite so seriously.
 
VA#B18401 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.27g;⌀18KM-,MIN10:56c
VA#B1844½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.8g;⌀15KRM258,MIN10:62
VA#B1846½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.7g;⌀15KRM210
VA#B1859;16491 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;?g;⌀20KBO40,MIN10:104
VA#B1866;A.IX½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;7.3g;⌀26EK545,KGU7
VA#B1867;16501 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.6g;⌀19EK544,KGU10
VA#B1868;1650/A.VI1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)Cu;3.6g;⌀20CNI55,KGU11
VA#B1869/1;A.V1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3g;⌀20EK539,KGU5
VA#B1869/2;A.IIII1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3g;⌀20
VA#B1869/3;A.VII1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.06g;⌀20F G at sides

POPE ALEXANDER VII (7.4.1655-22.5.1667)
Fabio Chigi (238)
 
The reign of Pope Alexander VII was defined most of all by his conflicts with France. Most of these conflicts he lost and more than once he had to
submit in one way or another to the French king, Louis XIV. Louis, in turn, actively supported the pope's rivals in Rome and refused to help with a
crusade against the Turks.
 
VA#B1901;16581 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;31.82g;⌀42KRM290
VA#B19021 Testone;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀31KRM278.1,MAX07:9
VA#B19041 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.66g;⌀24KRM274
VA#B19071 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.26g;⌀18KRM270,S.36
VA#B19081 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.34g;⌀18KRM271,MAX07:23
VA#B1928;16671 Carlino;(Bologna)Ag;?g;⌀19MAX07:71a
VA#B1930;16671 Quattrino;(Bologna)Cu;?g;⌀24KBO67,MAX07:73b
VA#B1934;16561 Giulio;(Ferrara)Ag;2.55g;⌀24KFE83
VA#B1943½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)Cu;8.03g;⌀27KGU19,MAX07:99
VA#B1946/11 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.03g;⌀20EK551,KGU14
VA#B1946/21 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.67g;⌀19
VA#B1957;1667Luigino;(Avignon)Ag;?g;⌀20KAV99
VA#B1958;1663Luigino;(Avignon)Ag;1.84g;⌀21KAV94

POPE CLEMENT IX (20.6.1667-9.12.1669)
Giulio Rospigliosi (239)
 
Clement IX's reign as pope was relatively unremarkable, but he did have the unusual characteristic of being a librettist of several operas.
 
VA#B19711 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.9g;⌀26KRM306
VA#B1976½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.80g;⌀16KRM300
VA#B1981;16681 Quattrino;(Bologna)Cu;?g;⌀25KBO75
VA#B1982½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;7.60g;⌀27EK560,KGU26
VA#B1984;A.I1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.99g;⌀20EK558,KGU25

SEDE VACANTE (9.12.1669-29.4.1670)
Antonio Barberini (+3.8.1671)
 
VA#B1988;16691 PiastraAg;31.30g;⌀44D4073,KRM319,MSV70:4
VA#B1989;16691 TestoneAg;9.35g;⌀31KRM318,MSV70:5

POPE CLEMENT X (29.4.1670-22.7.1676)
Emilio Altieri (240)
 
Clement X was elected as a compromise candidate after a very difficult conclave lasting 5 months. He was already 80 years old when chosen and
would be a very weak pope.
 
VA#B2003;16751 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;31.20g;⌀44KRM369,MCL10:14
VA#B2004;16751 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;31.42g;⌀44KRM370,MCL10:13
VA#B2006;16751 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;30.66g;⌀43D4078,KRM368,MCL10:17
VA#B2021;16751 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.05g;⌀26KRM361,MCL10:33
VA#B2024;1673/A.III1 Giulio (Camerino)Ag;3.01g;⌀25KRM354
VA#B2025;16751 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.28g;⌀18KRM359,MCL10:37
VA#B2028;16751 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.03g;⌀19KRM360,MCL10:38
VA#B2031/11 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.29g;⌀18KRM339,MCL10:44
VA#B2031/21 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.60g;⌀19
VA#B2034½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.71g;⌀15KRM333,S.84
VA#B2044;16731 Carlino;(Bologna)Ag;1.7g;⌀20KBO81
VA#B2046;1676?1 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;3.0g;⌀21KBO88
VA#B2047;1675½ Bolognino;(Ferrara)AE;7.04g;⌀28KFE90,MCL10:62
VA#B2055;16751 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.42g;⌀20EK566,KGU31

SEDE VACANTE (22.7.-21.9.1676)
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni (+29.6.1698)
 
VA#B2059;16761 PiastraAg;31.15g;⌀44D4084,KRM391,MSV76:1

POPE INNOCENT XI (21.9.1676-12.8.1689)
Benedetto Odescalchi (241)
 
Taking the name Innocent XI in memory of Innocent X, from whom he received his appointment as Cardinal - Deacon in 1645, his earliest actions were
attempts to reform the administration of the Vatican. He sought to reduce expenses, eliminate nepotism, and streamline decision - making.
 
VA#B20851 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;30.40g;⌀44D4095,KRM408,MIN11:28
VA#B2086;16801 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;31.09g;⌀44KRM421.2
VA#B2093;A.III1 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;30.55g;⌀44D4089,KRM403,MIN11:43
VA#B2096;A.VII½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;15.8g;⌀38KRM431
VA#B2102/1;1685/A.IX1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.1g;⌀32KRM469ff,MIN11:97
VA#B2102/2;1685/A.IX1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.1g;⌀32
VA#B2118;16761 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.1g;⌀17KRM385,MIN11:169
VA#B21191 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.46g;⌀19MIN11:170
VA#B21201 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀19S255
VA#B2125½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.7g;⌀15KRM???
VA#B2126½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.6g;⌀16KRM382
VA#B2127/1½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.6g;⌀15KRM462
VA#B2127/2;1686½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.59g;⌀15
VA#B2143;16821 Carlino (5 Bolognini);(Bologna)Ag;?g;⌀19CNI26,KBO91,MIN11:233a
VA#B21441 Muraiola (2 Bolognini);(Bologna)BL;1.4g;⌀19KBO89
VA#B2149;A.VII½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;9.07g;⌀28EK588,KGU37,MIN11:257
VA#B2150½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;?g;⌀28KGU42,MIN11:262
VA#B2153;A.V1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.99g;⌀22EK581,KGU40,MIN11:270
VA#B21541 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.8g;⌀20EK582,KGU36
VA#B2155;A.V1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.21g;⌀22EK584,KGU41,MIN11:268
VA#B2156;A.VII1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.3g;⌀22EK585,KGU43

SEDE VACANTE (12.8.-6.10.1689)
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni (+29.6.1698)
 
VA#B2161;16891 GiulioAg;2.87g;⌀26KRM488; two holes
VA#B2162;16891 GrossoAg;1.14g;⌀19KRM484; hole

POPE ALEXANDER VIII (6.10.1689-1.2.1691)
Pietro Ottoboni (242)
 
Alexander VIII had extensive experience with church administration, having served not only in the Curia but also as head of the Roman Inquisition in
Malta. The latter position in particular allowed him to take firm control of the Church and work to enforce orthodoxy.
 
VA#B2175;A.II1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.92g;⌀32KRM.A523,MAX08:15
VA#B2176;16901 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.87g;⌀32KRM524
VA#B2194;16901 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.11g;⌀20EK600,KBO110

SEDE VACANTE (1.2.-12.7.1691)
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni (+29.6.1698)
 
VA#B2205;16911 GrossoAg;1.38?g;⌀19KRM533,MSV16:6

POPE INNOCENT XII (12.7.1691-27.9.1700)
Antonio Pignatelli (243)
 
Innocent XII was a compromise candidate, elected only after the conclave had lasted 5 months. There were fierce divisions at the time among the cardinals
that prevented an easy choice from being made.
 
VA#B2229;1693/A.III1 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;30.25g;⌀44D4103,KRM569
VA#B2237;A.V½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;15.8g;⌀37KRM597
VA#B2238;A.VII½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;14.07g;⌀35KRM601
VA#B2241;1692/A.II½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;15.75g;⌀37KRM556,MIN12:35
VA#B2244;1694/A.IIII1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.0g;⌀32CNI.55,KRM575,MIN12:40
VA#B2245;1698/A.VII1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.8g;⌀32CNI.109,KRM606,MIN12:41
VA#B2252;1695/A.V1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.66g;⌀32CNI.70,KRM588,MIN12:49
VA#B2255;1700/A.IX1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀24CNI.141,KRM639
VA#B2257;1694/A.IIII1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.6g;⌀25CNI.56,KRM574,MIN12:54
VA#B2261;1697/A.VII1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀25KRM593,MIN12:59
VA#B2263;1699/A.IX1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀25KRM612,MIN12:62
VA#B2269;16951 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.15g;⌀18KRM583,MIN12:70
VA#B2275;16981 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀18KRM605,MIN12:83
VA#B2289;1699½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.63g;⌀14
VA#B2291;A.III½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.60g;⌀16KRM560,MIN12:122
VA#B2292½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.6g;⌀15KRM532
VA#B2296;1694½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.6g;⌀16KRM570?,MIN12:125
VA#B2304;1693½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;6.4g;⌀27EK617,KBO115
VA#B2306-7;16991 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.5g;⌀19EK616,KBO114/120?
VA#B2308;A.II½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;7.6g;⌀28EK614,KGU53,MIN12:152
VA#B23131 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.8g;⌀21EK605,KGU57,MIN12:174
VA#B2315;A.VII1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.2g;⌀22EK605,KGU67,MIN12:182
VA#B23181 Quattrino;(Gubbio)Cu;2.85g;⌀22EK607,MIN12:190
VA#B2324;A.VIII1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.9g;⌀22EK603,KGU63,MIN12:205
VA#B2326;1692¹⁄12 Ecu;(Avignon)Ag;1.76?g;⌀20KAV105,MIN12:126
VA#B2327;1692¹⁄12 Ecu;(Avignon)Ag;0.95g;⌀19DM360,KAV106,SiL.8
VA#B2328;1693¹⁄12 Ecu;(Avignon)Ag;1.65g;⌀20CAM.23,KAV107

SEDE VACANTE (27.9.-23.11.1700)
Giambattista Spínola, Jr (+19.3.1719)
 
VA#B2330;17001 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;30.45g;⌀45D4113,KRM652,MSV00:2
VA#B2332;17001 Testone;(Rome)Ag;9.08g;⌀32CNI.7,KRM646,MSV00:5; with hole

POPE CLEMENT XI (23.11.1700-19.3.1721)
Gianfrancesco Albani (244)
 
Pope Clement XI's reign was consumed by numerous political and religious problems. For one, he was faced with dissent from the Jansenist priests
and in the papal bull Unigentius Dei Filius, published in September 1713, Clement condemned Jansenism and excommunicated many of its followers.
 
VA#B2380;1704/A.VI1 Piastra;(Rome)Ag;31.90g;⌀44D1432,KRM671,MCL11:43
VA#B2389;A.VIII½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;15.7g;⌀37KRM709,MCL11:54a
VA#B2392;A.VII½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;15.41g;⌀38KRM699,MCL11:58
VA#B2393;A.VIII1 Testone (30 Baiocco)Ag;9.12g;⌀33KRM708,S.93
VA#B2396;A.I1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.45g;⌀30KRM648
VA#B2406;A.XVII1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.98g;⌀31KRM767,S.130
VA#B2421;1702/A.II1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3g;⌀26KRM661
VA#B2422;A.V1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.91g;⌀25CNI62,KRM692
VA#B24241 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.50?g;⌀19KRM635,MCL11:125
VA#B24251 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.40g;⌀18KRM660
VA#B2439½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.60?g;⌀15MCL11:160
VA#B2443;A.XVI½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.60g;⌀16KRM746
VA#B2459;17104 Bolognini;(Bologna)BL;?g;⌀23Ch288v,KBO139,MCL11:187
VA#B2468;1712½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;6.78g;⌀28KBO138
VA#B2469;1716½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;5.42g;⌀27KBO156
VA#B2470;17141 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;1.78g;⌀19KBO140
VA#B2471;17121 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.21g;⌀19KBO175
VA#B2479;1710/A.X11 Testone;(Ferrara)Ag;8.16g?;⌀31KFE112,MCL11:233
VA#B2494;1710/A.X2 Baiocco;(Ferrara)BL;?g;⌀19CNI51,KFE110,MCL11:247
VA#B2499;A.XX½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;7.30g;⌀28CNI98,KGU85,MCL11:267
VA#B2500;1702/A.III1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;3.45g;⌀20EK622,KGU77
VA#B2503;A.III1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.83g;⌀22EK620,KGU79
VA#B2505;A.XIX1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.30g;⌀21EK620,KGU87
VA#B2507;A.VII1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.69g;⌀22KGU82,MCL11:292
VA#B2508;A.III1 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.74g;⌀23KGU83,S.404

POPE INNOCENT XIII (8.5.1721-7.3.1724)
Michelangelo Conti (245)
 
Pope Innocent XIII was very reform-oriented, imposing new standards of fru- gality on the papal court and abolishing a great deal of excessive spending.
 
VA#B2518;1721/A.I½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;15.87g;⌀38KRM784,MIN13:4
VA#B2524;1721/A.I1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.50g;⌀18KRM779
VA#B2527;1723/A.II½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.69g;⌀15KRM791,MIN13:16
VA#B2540;1723½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;5.93g;⌀28KBO161
VA#B2543;1721½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)Cu;?g;⌀27CNI4,KGU99,MIN13:52
VA#B25461 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.34g;⌀20EK642,KGU102,MIN13:57
VA#B25471 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.69g;⌀21EK641,S.62
VA#B25481 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.60g;⌀20CNI.19,EK643,MIN13:59

SEDE VACANTE (7.3.-29.5.1724)
Annibale Albani (+21.10.1751)
 
VA#B2553;17241 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.80g;⌀32KRM799,MSV24:4; with hole

POPE BENEDICT XIII (29.5.1724-21.2.1730)
Pier Francesco Orsini (246)
 
Benedict's poor understanding of how to handle secular leaders, when combined with the poor reputation of his associates, led to him developing
and increasingly bad reputation and a general weakening of papal interests in areas like Siciliy and Sardina.
 
VA#B2586;1728½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;5.9g;⌀29EK665,KBO175
VA#B2588;1726/A.II1 Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;12.80g;⌀35EK663,KGU111
VA#B2589;1729/A.V1 Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;12.46g;⌀37KGU112,MBE13:48
VA#B2590;(1725)½ Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;6.82g;⌀27KGU110,MBE13:49
VA#B25951 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.68g;⌀21EK651,MBE13:62

SEDE VACANTE (21.2.-12.7.1730)
Annibale Albani (+21.10.1751)
 
VA#B2602;17301 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;3.04g;⌀25CNI.5,KRM834,MSV30:4; with hole

POPE CLEMENT XII (12.7.1730-6.2.1740)
Lorenzo Corsini (247)
 
Pope Clement XII appears to have been a cynical choice. Seventy nine years old at the time of his election, he was frequently bed ridden with the gout
and had been totally blind since 1732.
 
VA#B2618;A.V½ Piastra;(Rome)Ag;14.40g;⌀37KRM801
VA#B2621;17361 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.23g;⌀31KRM874
VA#B2628;17331 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.73g;⌀31KRM844
VA#B2629;A.IV1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;8.3g;⌀30CNI.57f,KRM845,MCL12:39f
VA#B2632;1735/A.V1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;6.86g;⌀28KRM862,MCL12:50
VA#B2637;17301 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.93g;⌀26KRM837
VA#B2640;A.VI1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.7g;⌀24KRM858ff
VA#B2646/1;A.VI1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.50g;⌀24KRM859,MCL12:94
VA#B2646/2;A.VII1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.80g;⌀24
VA#B2647;A.VI1 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;2.51g;⌀25KRM882
VA#B2651;1739/A.IX1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.18g;⌀19KRM905
VA#B2653;1737/A.VII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀19KRM870v
VA#B2654;1738/A.VIII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1g;⌀19KRM870v
VA#B2657;A.X1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.23g;⌀19KRM906
VA#B2659;A.V1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀18KRM856
VA#B2660;1736/A.VII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀18KRM871,MCL12:139
VA#B2672;1738/A.VIII1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.1g;⌀20EK667,KRM883
VA#B2673;1738/A.IX1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2g;⌀20EK668,KRM884
VA#B2680;(1736)1 Carlino of 5 BologiniAg;1.28g;⌀18KBO196
VA#B2681;17361 Carlino of 5 BologiniAg;1.25g;⌀17KBO208
VA#B2682;17381 Carlino of 5 BologiniAg;1.08g;⌀18KBO213
VA#B2691;1732½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;6.99g;⌀30KBO191
VA#B2692;1738½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;6.16g;⌀30KBO201
VA#B2693/1;17401 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;1.68g;⌀19EK694,KBO174
VA#B2693/2;17331 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.32g;⌀20
VA#B2699;17391 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;?g;⌀20KGU120,MCL12:221a
VA#B27001 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.5g;⌀20EK679,KGU121
VA#B27011 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.69g;⌀21EK678,KGU122
VA#B27031 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.4g;⌀21EK675,KGU124
VA#B2706/11 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.8g;⌀22EK680
VA#B2706/21 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.21g;⌀22

SEDE VACANTE (6.2.-17.8.1740)
Annibale Albani (+21.10.1751)
 
VA#B2715;1740½ Zecchino;(Rome)Au;1.39g;⌀16KRM931
VA#B2719;17401 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀19KRM924
VA#B2720;17401 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.19g;⌀19KRM924,MSV40:16
VA#B2721;17401 Baiocco;(Rome)AE;10.76g;⌀33EK699
VA#B2724;1740½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;5.78g;⌀27EK697,MSV40:29

POPE BENEDICT XIV (17.8.1740-3.5.1758)
Prospero Lambertini (248)
 
Pope Benedict XIV had a very active pontifficate because he had many im- portant political matters that had plagued his predecessors and that he was
determined to finish off once and for all. He was the first pope to issue an encyclical. Unfortunately, while he was able to settle many things, he often
did so at great political cost and with little sense of actual victory.
 
VA#B2732;1740½ Zecchino;(Rome)Au;1.7g;⌀18FRM228,F8RM232,KRM933
VA#B2736;1751½ Scudo RomanoAu;0.9g;⌀14FRM229,F8RM234,KRM973
VA#B2737½ Scudo RomanoAu;0.8g;⌀13FRM230,F8RM233,KRM939
VA#B2741;1753/A.XIV½ Scudo;(Rome)Ag;2.69g;⌀35KRM1179
VA#B2743;1756/A.XVII2 Giulio;(Rome)Ag;5g;⌀26KRM974
VA#B2745;1750/A.XI1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀19KRM967
VA#B2746;1750/A.XI1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.15g;⌀19KRM968
VA#B2747;A.II1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀19KRM944
VA#B2748;1742/A.II1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.13;⌀19KRM944
VA#B2752;A.III1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.1g;⌀19KRM948
VA#B2754;1743/A.III1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.21g;⌀19KRM949
VA#B2756;A.I1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.15?g;⌀18KRM926v
VA#B27581 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀19KRM950
VA#B2759;A.VI1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀19KRM927,MBE14:128
VA#B2761;A.X1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.0g;⌀18KRM940
VA#B2762;17481 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.18g;⌀19KRM953
VA#B2763;1752/A.XIII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.23g;⌀20KRM967
VA#B2764;A.IX1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.20g;⌀19KRM954
VA#B2766;A.I½ Grosso;(Rome)Ag;0.6g;⌀16KRM923
VA#B27722 Carlini;(Rome)BL;5g;⌀27KRM1164.2
VA#B2774;1750/A.XI1 Carlino;(Rome)BL;2.30g;⌀21KRM1165
VA#B2775;17484 Baiocchi;(Rome)BL;3g;⌀23KRM1161
VA#B2777;A.XVI1 Baiocco;(Rome)AE;10.6g;⌀33EK712,KRM1175
VA#B27801 Baiocco;(Rome)AE;12.1g;⌀35EK710a,KRM1154
VA#B2787;1750½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;5.07?g;⌀27KRM1173,MBE14:205
VA#B2789;1751/A.XII1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.1g;⌀22EK704,KRM1174
VA#B2791;1755/A.XVI1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.4g;⌀22EK706,KRM1176
VA#B2807;17585 Bolognini;(Bologna)Ag;1.3g;⌀18KBO221
VA#B2809;17444 Bolognini;(Bologna)BL;3.13?g;⌀23KBO226,MBE14:233
VA#B2811;1755½ Bolognino;(Bologna)AE;4.97g;⌀27Ch.925?,KBO220,MBE14:236
VA#B2812;17541 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;1.9g;⌀19EK738,KBO225
VA#B2816;17461 Baiocco;(Ferrara)AE;9.16g;⌀34KFE142
VA#B2823/1;A.V½ Baiocco;(Ferrara)AE;4.9g;⌀28EK751,KFE139?
VA#B2823/2;A.IV½ Baiocco;(Ferrara)AE;4.9g;⌀27
VA#B2825;1748/A.VIII½ Baiocco;(Ferrara)AE;4.6g;⌀26EK752,KFE137?
VA#B2830/1;17441 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;2g;⌀18EK743,KFE135
VA#B2830/2;17481 Quattrino;(Ferrara)AE;1.82g;⌀19EK746,KFE135,MBE14:413
VA#B2834;17471 Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;9.40g;⌀35MBE14:448
VA#B2835;1744/A.V1 Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;10.92g;⌀35EK736,KGU142
VA#B28431 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;2.3g;⌀22EK717,KGU137
VA#B28451 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;1.4g;⌀19EK714,KGU123
VA#B28481 Quattrino;(Gubbio)AE;?g;⌀19EK726,KGU141,MBE14:546
VA#B2857;1750½ Baiocco;(Ravenna)AE;3.92g;⌀28EK778,KRA11,MBE14:581v1
VA#B2860½ Baiocco;(Ravenna)AE;6.08g;⌀28MBE14:591
VA#B2877;(1745)1 Quattrino;(Ravenna)AE;1.4g;⌀19EK767v4,KRA13

SEDE VACANTE (3.5.-6.7.1758)
Girolamo Colonna di Sciarra (+18.1.1763)
 
VA#B2886;1758½ scudoAg;12.98g;⌀34KRM1186
VA#B2887;1758⅕ scudo (2*Giulio)Ag;5g;⌀25KRM979; hole

POPE CLEMENT XIII (6.7.1758-2.2.1769)
Carlo Rezzonico (249)
 
Clement XIII's papacy was almost entirey caught up with scandals involving the Jesuits.
 
VA#B2896;1761/A.IV1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.7g;⌀31KRM1001
VA#B2897;1758/A.I2*Giulio;(Rome)Ag;4.96g;⌀25KRM980
VA#B2898;1759/A.II2*Giulio;(Rome)Ag;4.97g;⌀25KRM981,MCL13:16a
VA#B2905;1760/A.III1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀19KRM996
VA#B2906;1762/A.IV1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.2g;⌀19KRM1002,MCL13:28
VA#B2913;A.I½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;15.5g;⌀26EK785,KRM1183.1
VA#B2914;1758/A.I1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.19g;⌀21KRM1182.1,S.124

POPE CLEMENT XIV (19.5.1769-22.9.1774)
Lorenzo Ganganelli (250)
 
Originally a Franciscan friar, Clement XIV was elected by a conclave which was beset by pressure from various Catholic sovereigns who were anxious that
no one who supported the Jesuits be chosen.
 
VA#B2931;1773/A.V1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.3g;⌀31KRM1020
VA#B2934;1774/A.V1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.31g;⌀29KRM1005
VA#B2936;17714 Baiocchi;(Rome)BL;3.3g;⌀23KRM1206

SEDE VACANTE (22.9.1774-15.2.1775)
Carlo Rezzonico (+26.1.1799)
 
VA#B2946;1774½ ScudoAg;12.95?g;⌀34KRM1209
VA#B2947;1774⅕ Scudo (2 Giulio)Ag;5.06g;⌀25KRM1023

POPE PIUS VI (15.2.1775-29.8.1799)
Giovanni Angelo Braschi (251)
 
Pius VI was elected pope at a time when secular power was growing throughout Europe, edging aside the traditional powers of religious institutions.
During his pontificate, Pius not only proved unable to stem this tide, but in fact it grew worse at an increasing pace.
 
VA#B2954;1776/A.II1 Zecchino;(Rome)Au;3.36g;⌀21KRM1029,MPO06:8v
VA#B2958;1780/A.VI1 Scudo;(Rome)Ag;26.3g;⌀41D1471,KRM1216.1
VA#B2960;1777/A.III½ Scudo;(Rome)Ag;12.71g;⌀34KRM1213
VA#B2961;1779/A.V½ Scudo;(Rome)Ag;12.8g;⌀34KRM1214,MPO06:25a
VA#B2962;1796/A.XXII1 Testone;(Rome)Ag;7.6g;⌀30KRM1048
VA#B2965;1780/A.VI⅕ (2*Giulio)Ag;5.22?g;⌀25KRM1034,MPO06:38f
VA#B2966;1790/A.XVI⅕ (2*Giulio)Ag;5.1g;⌀25KRM1045
VA#B2969;1777/A.II1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀20KRM1033
VA#B2971;1782/A.VII1 Grosso;(Rome)Ag;1.21g;⌀19CNI93,MPO06:54
VA#B2973;A.XXII60 Baiocchi;(Rome)BL;14.51g;⌀38KRM1236.2
VA#B2975;179625 Baiocchi;(Rome)BL;6.4g;⌀31KRM1238
VA#B2978;1796/A.XXII2 CarliniBL;3.9g;⌀25KRM1215
VA#B2984;179.4 Baiocchi;(Rome)BL;2.3g;⌀23KRM1211
VA#B2987/1;1797/A.XXIII5 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;17.4g;⌀33EK812,KRM1245
VA#B2987/2;179?/A.XXIII5 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;15.67g;⌀32
VA#B2990;17962½ Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;16.2g;⌀30*3EK810,KRM1240
VA#B2991;1795/A.XXI2 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;?g;⌀37EK810,KRM1226.1
VA#B2994;A.XI1 Baiocco;(Rome)AE;11.9g;⌀33EK799,KRM1222
VA#B2995;1797/A.XXIII1 Baiocco;(Rome)AE;?g;⌀30KRM1225,MPO06:134
VA#B2997;A.X½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;5.9g;⌀26EK798,KRM1224
VA#B2999;A.XII1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.1g;⌀22EK797,KRM1223
VA#B3003;17962½ Baiocco;(Ancona)Cu;?g;⌀30CNI3,KAN3,MPO06:144
VA#B3037;1777/A.III1 Sucdo;(Bologna)Ag;26.25?g;⌀41KBO265,MPO06:199
VA#B3052;17801 Lira (20 Bolognini);(Bologna)Ag;?g;⌀25Ch1062,KBO276,MPO06:218b
VA#B3054;17861 Lira (20 Bolognini);(Bologna)Ag;4.9g;⌀24CNI.239,KBO306,MPO06:222
VA#B3059;17781 Carlino (5 Bolognini);(Bologna)Ag;1.3g;⌀19CNI.43,KBO273,MPO06:229
VA#B3060;17781 Carlino (5 Bolognini);(Bologna)Ag;1.3g;⌀19KBO275
VA#B3082;17841 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.18g;⌀20EK825,KBO286
VA#B3083;17781 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;1.9g;⌀22EK826,KBO267
VA#B3084;17791 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.1g;⌀22KBO268
VA#B3085;17961 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2g;⌀21EK834,KBO325
VA#B30882½ Baiocchi;(Civitavecchia)AE;13.6g;⌀28EK839,KCV5
VA#B3112;A.XX1 Baiocco;(Gubbio)AE;7.3g;⌀33EK860,KGU171
VA#B3131;17962½ Baiocchi;(Perugia)AE;15.38g;⌀33KPG3,MPO06:392
VA#B3143;1797/A.XXIII½ Baiocchi;(San Serverino)AE;?g;⌀24KSN2,MPO06:411a
VA#B31525 Baiocchi;(Viterbo)AE;15.9g;⌀29*3EK905,KVT4
VA#B3153;17962½ Baiocchi;(Viterbo)AE;14.1g;⌀29EK901,KVT2

ROMAN REPUBLIC (15.2.1798-29.1.1799)
 
VA#B31622 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;16g;⌀35EK910,KRMr7.5
VA#B31801 Baiocco;(Fermo)AE;7.8g;⌀31EK939,KFMr9.2

POPE PIUS VII (14.3.1800-20.8.1823)
Gregorio Chiaramonti (252)
 
The first new pope of the 19th Century, Pius VII had a long reign for some- one who wasn't really the first choice of any of those who elected him. Pius
was a compromise candidate, chosen to break a stalemate among cardinals who were divided into nationalistic factions.
 
VA#B3217;A.V1 Doppia;(Rome)Au;5.4g;⌀23C121,F8RM248,FRM244,G5,KRM1070,SHL5
VA#B3219;1800/A.I1 ScudoAg;26.3g;⌀40D1479,G20,KRM1248.1
VA#B3220;1802/A.III1 ScudoAg;26.04g;⌀40C119,G22,KRM1249
VA#B3223;1818/A.VIII1 ScudoAg;26.4g;⌀39C119.1,G31,KRM1275
VA#B3232;1817/A.XVII1 Grosso;(Bologna)Ag;1.2g;⌀18C113,G48,KBO1075
VA#B3236;18011 BaioccoAE;11.9g;⌀34C111.1,EK969,G53a,KRM1263
VA#B3237/1;1802/A.II1 BaioccoAE;10.6g;⌀34C112,EK972,G54,KRM1267
VA#B3237/2;1816/A.XVII1 BaioccoAE;11.7g;⌀33C112.1,EK972,G59,KRM1279
VA#B3238;1801½ BaioccoAE;5g;⌀27C108,EK969,G60,KRM1261,MPO07:24
VA#B3239;1802/A.II½ BaioccoAE;4.8g;⌀26C109,EK971,G62a,KRM1265
VA#B3240;1816/A.XVI½ BaioccoAE;5.1g;⌀26C109a,EK971a,KRM1277
VA#B3241;1816/A.XVII½ Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;5.8g;⌀26C109a.1,EK971,G67,KBO1278
VA#B3243/1;1802/A.II1 QuattrinoAE;2g;⌀22C107,EK970,G71,KRM1264
VA#B3243/2;1816/A.XVII1 QuattrinoAE;2.6g;⌀21C107a,EK970,G74,KRM1276.1
VA#B3244;1821/A.XXII1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.3g;⌀20EK970,G79,KRM1276.3?

SEDE VACANTE (20.8.-28.9.1823)
Bartolomeo Pacca (+19.4.1844)
 
VA#B3249;1823½ Scudo;(Bologna)Ag;13.2g;⌀34C123,G5,KBO1291

POPE LEO XII (28.9.1823-10.2.1829)
Annibale Sermattei della Genga (253)
 
Leo XII was very much a reactionary pope, who was elected through the efforts of very conservative cardinals. He opposed modern ideas in both
religion and politics, causing him to become a very unpopular figure.
 
VA#B3255;1825/A.III1 Scudo;(Bologna)Ag;26.3g;⌀40C128.1,G9,KBO1297.1
VA#B3257;1824/A.I½ Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;5.2g;⌀26C127,EK974,G11,KBO1295
VA#B3258;1825/A.II½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;5.6g;⌀27C127a,EK976,G12,KRM1296
VA#B3259;1824/A.I1 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;2.1g;⌀19C125.5,EK973,G18,KBO1294.1
VA#B3260;1824/A.I1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.3g;⌀19C126,EK975,G14,KBO1294.2
VA#B3261;1826/A.IV1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2.4g;⌀19C126a,EK975,G17,KRM1298

SEDE VACANTE (10.2.-31.3.1829)
Pietro Francesco Galeffi (+18.6.1837)
 
VA#B3263;18291 Scudo;(Bologna)Ag;26.14g;⌀41C133,KBO1303,Pag4

POPE PIUS VIII (31.3.1829-30.11.1830)
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni (254)
 
Pius VIII struggled with declining Church power and growing social problems, like many popes before and after him.
 
VA#B3265;1830/A.I1 Scudo;(Bologna)Ag;26.34g;⌀38C139,KRM1310
VA#B3266;1830/A.II1 Testone (30 Baiocchi)Ag;7.8g;⌀26C138,G3,KRM1100,Pag149
VA#B3267;1829/A.I1 Baiocco;(Rome)AE;12g;⌀32EK979,G4,KRM1301
VA#B3268;1829/A.I½ Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;5.9g;⌀27C136,EK978,G6,KBO1300,Pag148a

POPE GREGORY XVI (2.2.1831-1.6.1846)
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari (255)
 
Gregory was the first and only Camaldosese monk to become pope. He was known as a strong reactionary, opposing all aspects of modernism and liberalism
whether they were in matters of religion, philosophy or politics. He even banned railroads within his region of authority because he regarded them as
a dangerous invention of modernity.
 
VA#B3274/1;1831/A.I1 Scudo;(Rome)Ag;26.3g;⌀37C155,G61,KRM1315.1
VA#B3274/2;1834/A.IV1 Scudo;(Rome)Ag;26.3g;⌀38C155,G65,KRM1315.2
VA#B3275;1834/A.IV½ Scudo (50 Baiocchi)Ag;12.9g;⌀31C153,G84,KRM1316
VA#B3279;1833/A.III½ Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;5.1g;⌀23C145,EK981,G186,KBO1313
VA#B3280;1831/A.I1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2g;⌀18C144,EK980,G214,KRM1312
VA#B3287;1837/A.VII30 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;8g;⌀27C152,G98,KRM1109
VA#B3288;1834/A.IV20 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;5.3g;⌀22C149,G102,KRM1317
VA#B3289;1843/A.XIII10 Baiocchi;(Bologna)Ag;2.7g;⌀20C148,G131,KBO1325
VA#B3290;1843/A.XIII5 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀16C147,G145,KRM1321
VA#B3291;1836/A.VI1 Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;9.3g;⌀30C146a,EK985,G159,KBO1320
VA#B3292/1;1837/A.VII½ Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;5.1g;⌀23C145a,EK984,G193,KBO1319
VA#B3292/2;1841/A.XI½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;4.9g;⌀23C145a,EK984,G202,KRM1319
VA#B3293;1844/A.XIV1 Quattrino;(Rome)AE;2g;⌀17C144a,EK983,G225,KRM1318

ROMAN REPUBLIC (9.2.-3.7.1849)
 
VA#B3300/1;18493 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;25.5g;⌀37*3C23.1,EK1000,G6,KRMr23.1
VA#B3300/2;18493 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;26.3g;⌀37*3C23.2,EK1001,G7,KRMr23.2

POPE PIUS IX (16.6.1846-7.2.1878)
Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti (256)
 
Still the one who holds the record as the longest reigning pope ever, Pius IX was responsible for calling the First Vatican Council - the one
reponsible for implementing the doctrine that popes are capable of being infallible when it comes to matters of faith and morals.
 
VA#B3306;1858/XIII2½ ScudiAu;4.3g;⌀19C177,F8RM273,FRM269,KRM1117,SHL110
VA#B3307;1854/VIII1 Scudo;(Rome)Au;1.8g;⌀14C176,F8RM275,FRM271,G40,KRM1358,SHL127
VA#B3308;1862/XVI1 Scudo;(Rome)Au;1.7g;⌀16C176a,F8RM277,FRM273,G49,KRM1361,SHL137
VA#B3309/1;1848/A.II1 Scudo;(Rome)Ag;26.9g;⌀38C175,G59,KRM1336.1
VA#B3309/2;1853/A.VIII1 Scudo;(Rome)Ag;26.8g;⌀38C175.1,G63,KRM1336.2
VA#B3311;1850/A.V20 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;5.3g;⌀23C173,G83a,KRM1337
VA#B3313;1860/A.XV20 Baiocco;(Rome)Ag;5.6g;⌀24KRM1360,Sch71
VA#B3314;1865/A.XIX20 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;5.3g;⌀24C173a,G107a,KRM1360
VA#B3316;1863/A.XVIII10 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;2.8g;⌀20C172a,G135,KRM1342b
VA#B3317/1;1865/A.XIX10 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀20KRM1342c
VA#B3317/2;1865/A.XX10 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;?g;⌀20KRM1342c
VA#B3319;1861/A.XVI5 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;1.4g;⌀16C171a,G159,KRM1341b
VA#B3320;1865/A.XX5 Baiocchi;(Rome)Ag;1.3g;⌀16C171b,G164,KRM1341c
VA#B3321;1849/A.IV5 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;40.1g;⌀41*4C170,KRM1346
VA#B3322;1853/A.VII5 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;39.2g;⌀40*4C170a,G182,KRM1356
VA#B3323;1849/A.IV2 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;20g;⌀34C169,G193,KRM1343
VA#B3324/1;1853/A.VII2 Baiocchi;(Rome)AE;19.4g;⌀35C169a,G209,KRM1344
VA#B3324/2;1851/A.V2 Baiocchi;(Bologna)AE;20.2g;⌀34C169a,G200,KBO1344
VA#B3325;1849/A.IV1 BaioccoAE;9.6g;⌀30C167,KRM1339.1
VA#B3326;1852/A.VI1 Baiocco;(Bologna)AE;10.4g;⌀30C168,KBO1345
VA#B3327;1849/A.IIII½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;5.3g;⌀23C165,KRM1340
VA#B3328;1850/A.V½ Baiocco;(Rome)AE;5g;⌀23C166,KRM1355
VA#B3329;1854/A.IX1 Quattrino;(Bologna)AE;1.7g;⌀17C164,KBO1359
VA#B3334;1868/A.XXIII20 LireAu;6.5g;⌀21C194.3,F8RM280,FRM276,KRM1382.4,SHL157
VA#B3335;1867/A.XXII10 LireAu;3.2g;⌀19C193b,F8RM281,FRM277,KRM1381.2,SHL164
VA#B3337;1870/A.XXIV5 LireAg;25g;⌀38C191,KRM1385
VA#B3338;1867/A.XXI2½ Lire;(Rome)Ag;12.5g;⌀30C190,KRM1384,MPO09:46
VA#B3339/1;1869/A.XXIV2 LireAg;9.8g;⌀28C189b,KRM1379.3
VA#B3339/2;1867/A.XXII2 LireAg;9.9g;⌀28C189a,KRM1379.2
VA#B3340;1866/A.XXI1 LiraAg;5g;⌀23C188b,KRM1377.2
VA#B3341;1866/A.XXI1 LiraAg;5g;⌀23C188d,KRM1377.3
VA#B3342/1;1866/A.XXI1 LiraAg;5g;⌀23C188a,KRM1378
VA#B3342/2;1868/A.XXII1 LiraAg;4.9g;⌀23C188c,KRM1387
VA#B3343/1;1869/A.XXIII10 SoldiAg;2.4g;⌀18C187a,KRM1386.1
VA#B3343/2;1868/A.XXII10 SoldiAg;2.4g;⌀18KRM1386.2
VA#B3343/3;1867/A.XXII10 SoldiAg;2.4g;⌀18C187,KRM1376
VA#B3344;1866/A.XXI5 SoldiAg;1.2g;⌀16C186,KRM1375
VA#B3346;1868/A.XXII4 SoldiAE;19.8g;⌀35C184,KRM1374
VA#B3347;1867/A.XXI2 Soldi;(Rome)AE;9.5g;⌀32C183,KRM1373
VA#B3349;1867/A.XXI1 Soldo;(Rome)AE;4.7g;⌀25C182a,KRM1372.2
VA#B3350;1867/A.XXI½ Soldo;(Rome)AE;2.4g;⌀22C181,KRM1371
VA#B3351;1866/A.XXI1 CentesimoAE;1g;⌀15C180,KRM1370

POPE LEO XIII (20.2.1878-20.7.1903)
Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci (257)
 
Pope Leo XIII not only ushered the Church into the 20th century, he also tried to help improve the Church's transition into a modern world and
modern cultures. He supported some democratic reforms and the rights of workers.
 
VA#Z1900;1900(no value)Cu;7.19g;⌀25medal issue
 

VATICAN CITY (VA) 
 

POPE PIUS XI (6.2.1922-10.2.1939)
Achille Ratti (260)
 
For Pope Pius XI, communism was a greater evil than Nazism - and as a result, he signed a concordat with Hitler in the hopes that this relationship
might help stem the rising tide of communism which was threatening from the East.
 
VA#KM001;1931/A.X5 CentesimiAE;3.2g;⌀19B3361
VA#KM002;1931/A.X10 CentesimiAE;5.4g;⌀22B3360
VA#KM003;1932/A.XI20 CentesimiNi;3.7g;⌀21B3359
VA#KM004;1932/A.XI50 CentesimiNi;5.8g;⌀23B3358
VA#KM005;1930/A.IX1 LiraNi;8g;⌀26B3357
VA#KM006;1932/A.XI2 LireNi;10g;⌀29B3356
VA#KM007;1932/A.XI5 LireAg;5g;⌀22B3355
VA#KM008;1930/A.IX10 LireAg;10g;⌀27B3354
VA#KM009/1;1929/A.VIII100 LireAu;8.8g;⌀23B3352,F8RM283,FRM279,SHL168
VA#KM009/2;1931/A.X100 LireAu;8.8g;⌀23B3352,F8RM283,FRM279,SHL170
VA#KM009/3;1934/A.XIII100 LireAu;8.8g;⌀23B3352,F8RM283,FRM279,SHL173
VA#KM010;1936/A.XV100 LireAu;5.2g;⌀20B3353,F8RM285,FRM281,SHL175
 
VA#KM011;33/345 CentesimiAE;3.2g;⌀19B3370
VA#KM012;33/3410 CentesimiAE;5.4g;⌀22B3369
VA#KM013;33/3420 CentesimiNi;3.9g;⌀21B3368
VA#KM014;33/3450 CentesimiNi;6g;⌀23B3367
VA#KM015;33/341 LiraNi;8g;⌀26B3366
VA#KM016;33/342 LireNi;10.1g;⌀28B3365
VA#KM017;33/345 LireAg;4.9g;⌀22B3364
VA#KM018;33/3410 LireAg;9.9g;⌀27B3363
VA#KM019;33/34100 LireAu;8.8g;⌀23B3362,F8RM284,FRM280,SHL172

SEDE VACANTE (10.2.-2.3.1939)
Eugenio Pacelli
 
VA#KM020;19395 LireAg;10g;⌀22B3372
VA#KM021;193910 LireAg;10g;⌀27B3371

POPE PIUS XII (2.3.1939-9.10.1958)
Eugenio Pacelli (261)
 
The papacy of Eugenio Pacelli occurred during the difficult era of World War II, and it is likely that even the best of popes would have had a troubling
reign. Pope Pius XII may have exacerbated his problems, however, by failing to do enough to help the Jews who were suffering persecution.
 
VA#KM022;1940/A.II5 CentesimiAZ;2.9g;⌀19B3385
VA#KM023;1940/A.II10 CentesimiAZ;4.8g;⌀22B3384
VA#KM024;1939/A.I20 CentesimiNi;4.1g;⌀21B3382
VA#KM024A;1940/A.II20 CentesimiST;4.1g;⌀21B3383
VA#KM025;1939/A.I50 CentesimiNi;6g;⌀24B3380
VA#KM025A;1941/A.III50 CentesimiST;6.1g;⌀23B3381
VA#KM026;1939/A.I1 LiraNi;7.6g;⌀26B3378
VA#KM026A;1940/A.II1 LiraST;8.1g;⌀26B3379
VA#KM027;1939/A.I2 LireNi;9.8g;⌀28B3376
VA#KM027A;1941/A.III2 LireST;9.9g;⌀29B3377
VA#KM028;1940/A.II5 LireAg;5g;⌀22B3375
VA#KM029;1939/A.I10 LireAg;10g;⌀27B3374
VA#KM030.1;1939/A.I100 LireAu;5.2g;⌀20B3373,F8RM286,FRM282,SHL178
 
VA#KM031;1942/A.IV5 CentesimiAZ;3.04g;⌀19B3394; cellulose lacquer
VA#KM032;1942/A.IV10 CentesimiAZ;4.9g;⌀22B3393; cellulose lacquer
VA#KM033;1942/A.IV20 CentesimiST;3.8g;⌀21B3392
VA#KM034;1942/A.IV50 CentesimiST;6.1g;⌀24B3391
VA#KM035;1942/A.IV1 LiraST;8g;⌀26B3390
VA#KM036/1;1942/A.IV2 LireST;10.2g;⌀29B3389
VA#KM036/2;1942/A.IV2 LireST;10g;⌀30B3389; error,cellulose lacquer
VA#KM037;1942/A.IV5 LireAg;5.02g;⌀23B3388; cellulose lacquer
VA#KM038;1942/A.IV10 LireAg;10.04g;⌀27B3387; cellulose lacquer
VA#KM039;1948/A.X100 LireAu;5.2g;⌀20B3386,F8RM288,FRM283,SHL187
 
VA#KM040;1949/A.XI1 LiraAl;1.2g;⌀21B3398
VA#KM041;1949/A.XI2 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3397
VA#KM042;1949/A.XI5 LireAl;2.4g;⌀26B3396
VA#KM043;1948/A.X10 LireAl;3g;⌀29B3395
 
VA#KM044;19501 LiraAl;1.2g;⌀21B3403
VA#KM045;19502 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3402
VA#KM046;19505 LireAl;2.5g;⌀27B3401
VA#KM047;195010 LireAl;2.9g;⌀29B3400
VA#KM048;1950100 LireAu;5.1g;⌀20B3399,F8RM289,FRM284,SHL189
 
VA#KM049.1;1957/A.XIX1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀17B3413
VA#KM049.2;1956/A.XVIII1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀17B3413
VA#KM050;1957/A.XIX2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3412
VA#KM051.1;1953/A.XV5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3411
VA#KM051.2;1957/A.XIX5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3411
VA#KM052.1;1951/A.XIII10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3410
VA#KM052.2;1957/A.XIX10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3410
VA#KMA052.1;1957/A.XIX20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3409
VA#KMA052.2;1958/A.XX20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3409
VA#KM053.1;1951/A.XIII100 LireAu;5.21g;⌀20B3404,F8RM290,SHL190
VA#KMA053;1957/A.XIX100 LireAu;5.20g;⌀20B3405,F8RM291,SHL196
VA#KM054.1;1955/A.XVII50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3408
VA#KM054.2;1957/A.XIX50 LireST;6.2g;⌀24B3408
VA#KM055;1957/A.XIX100 LireST;8g;⌀28B3407
VA#KM056;1958/A.XX500 LireAg;11g;⌀28B3406

SEDE VACANTE (9-28.10.1958)
Benedetto Aloisi Masella (+30.9.1970)
 
VA#KM057;1958500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3414

POPE JOHN XXIII (28.10.1958-3.6.1963)
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (262)
 
Not to be confused with the 15th Century antipope Baldassarre Cossa, this John XXIII continues to be one of the most beloved popes in recent Church
history. John was the one who convened the Second Vatican Council, a meeting which inaugurated many changes in the Roman Catholic Church - not as
many as some hoped for and more than some feared.
 
VA#KM058.1;1959/A.I1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀16B3423
VA#KM059.1;1960/A.II2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3422
VA#KM060.1;1959/A.I5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3421
VA#KM061.1;1959/A.I10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3420
VA#KM062.1;1959/A.I20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3419
VA#KM063.1;1959/A.I50 LireST;6.4g;⌀24B3418
VA#KM064.1;1959/A.I100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3417
VA#KM065.1;1959/A.I500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3416
 
VA#KM058.2;1961/A.III1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀16B3423
VA#KM059.2;1961/A.III2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3422
VA#KM060.2;1961/A.III5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3421
VA#KM061.2;1960/A.II10 LireAl;1.5g;⌀23B3420
VA#KM062.2;1961/A.III20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3419
VA#KM063.2;1960/A.II50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3418
VA#KM064.2;1962/A.IV100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3417
VA#KM065.2;1962/A.IV500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3416
 
VA#KM067;1962/A.IV1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀16B3431
VA#KM068;1962/A.IV2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3430
VA#KM069;1962/A.IV5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3429
VA#KM070;1962/A.IV10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3428
VA#KM071;1962/A.IV20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3427
VA#KM072;1962/A.IV50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3426
VA#KM073;1962/A.IV100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3425
VA#KM074;1962/A.IV500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3424

SEDE VACANTE (3-21.6.1963)
Benedetto Aloisi Masella (+30.9.1970)
 
VA#KM075;1963500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3432

POPE PAUL VI (21.6.1963-6.8.1978)
Giovanni Battista Montini (263)
 
Although Paul VI was not responsible for calling the Second Vatican Council, he was responsible to ending it and for beginning the process of carrying
out its decisions. He is perhaps most remembered, however for his encyclical Humanae Vitae.
 
VA#KM076.1;1963/A.I1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀17B3440
VA#KM077.1;1963/A.I2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3439
VA#KM078.1;1963/A.I5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3438
VA#KM079.1;1963/A.I10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3437
VA#KM080.1;1963/A.I20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3436
VA#KM081.1;1963/A.I50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3435
VA#KM082.1;1963/A.I100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3434
VA#KM083.1;1963/A.I500 LireAg;11.1g;⌀29B3433
 
VA#KM076.2;1965/A.III1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀17B3440
VA#KM077.2;1965/A.III2 LireAl;0.9g;⌀18B3439
VA#KM078.2;1965/A.III5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3438
VA#KM079.2;1965/A.III10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3437
VA#KM080.2;1965/A.III20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3436
VA#KM081.2;1965/A.III50 LireST;6.2g;⌀24B3435
VA#KM082.2;1965/A.III100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3434
VA#KM083.2;1965/A.III500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3433
 
VA#KM084;1966/A.IV1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀17B3448
VA#KM085;1966/A.IV2 LireAl;0.9g;⌀18B3447
VA#KM086;1966/A.IV5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3446
VA#KM087;1966/A.IV10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3445
VA#KM088;1966/A.IV20 LireAZ;3.5g;⌀20B3444
VA#KM089;1966/A.IV50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3443
VA#KM090;1966/A.IV100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3442
VA#KM091;1966/A.IV500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3441
 
VA#KM092;1967/A.V1 LiraAl;0.7g;⌀17B3456
VA#KM093;1967/A.V2 LireAl;0.9g;⌀18B3455
VA#KM094;1967/A.V5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3454
VA#KM095;1967/A.V10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3453
VA#KM096;1967/A.V20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3452
VA#KM097;1967/A.V50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3451
VA#KM098;1967/A.V100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3450
VA#KM099;1967/A.V500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3449
 
VA#KM100;A.VI1 LiraAl;0.7g;⌀17B3464
VA#KM101;A.VI2 LireAl;0.9g;⌀18B3463
VA#KM102;A.VI5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3462
VA#KM103;A.VI10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3461
VA#KM104;A.VI20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3460
VA#KM105;A.VI50 LireST;6.4g;⌀24B3459
VA#KM106;A.VI100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3458
VA#KM107;A.VI500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3457
 
VA#KM108;1969/A.VII1 LiraAl;0.7g;⌀17B3472
VA#KM109;1969/A.VII2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3471
VA#KM110;1969/A.VII5 LireAl;1.1g;⌀20B3470
VA#KM111;1969/A.VII10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3469
VA#KM112;1969/A.VII20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3468
VA#KM113;1969/A.VII50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3467
VA#KM114;1969/A.VII100 LireST;7.9g;⌀27B3466
VA#KM115;1969/A.VII500 LireAg;10.9g;⌀29B3465
 
VA#KM116;1973/A.XI1 LiraAl;0.6g;⌀17B3482
VA#KM117;1973/A.XI2 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3481
VA#KM118;1973/A.XI5 LireAl;1.1g;⌀20B3480
VA#KM119;1973/A.XI10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3479
VA#KM120;1973/A.XI20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3478
VA#KM121;1973/A.XI50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3476
VA#KM122;1973/A.XI100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3475
VA#KM123;1973/A.XI500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3473
 
VA#KM124;19751 LiraAl;0.7g;⌀17B3490
VA#KM125;19752 LireAl;0.8g;⌀18B3489
VA#KM126;19755 LireAl;1.1g;⌀20B3488
VA#KM127;197510 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3487
VA#KM128;197520 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3486
VA#KM129;197550 LireST;6.4g;⌀24B3485
VA#KM130;1975100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3484
VA#KM131;1975500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3483
 
VA#KMA121;1977/A.XV50 LireST;6.3g;⌀25B3477
VA#KM132;1977/A.XV500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3474
 
VA#KM133;1978/A.XVI5 LireAl;1g;⌀20B3497
VA#KM134;1978/A.XVI10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3496
VA#KM135;1978/A.XVI20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3495
VA#KM136;1978/A.XVI50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3494
VA#KM137;1978/A.XVI100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3493
VA#KM138;1978/A.XVI200 LireAZ;5.1g;⌀23B3492
VA#KM139;1978/A.XVI500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3491

SEDE VACANTE (6-26.8.1978)
Jean Villot (+9.3.1979)
 
VA#KM140;1978500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3498

POPE JOHN PAUL I (26.8.-28.9.1978)
Albino Luciani (264)
 
Pope John Paul I had one of the shortest reigns in the history of the papacy - and his death is a matter of some speculation among conspiracy theorists.
Many believe that he was murdered in order to prevent him from learning or revealing embarrassing facts about the Church. He was the first pope to take
a double name and the first pope in more than 1000 years to refuse the tra- ditional crowning ceremony.
 
VA#KM142;19781000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31B3499

SEDE VACANTE (28.9.-16.10.1978)
Jean Villot (+9.3.1979)
 
VA#KM141;1978500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3500

POPE JOHN PAUL II (16.10.1978-2.4.2005)
Karol Wojtyla (265)
 
Pope John Paul II had be one of the longest reigning popes in the history of the Church. John Paul as tried to steera course between reform and tra-
dition, often siding more strongly with the forces of tradition, much to the dismay of progressive Catholics.
 
VA#KM143;1980/A.II10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3506
VA#KM144;1980/A.II20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3505
VA#KM145;1980/A.II50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3504
VA#KM146;1980/A.II100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3503
VA#KM147;1980/A.II200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3502
VA#KM148;1980/A.II500 LireAg;11.1g;⌀28B3501
 
VA#KM155;1981/A.III10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3512
VA#KM156;1981/A.III20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3511
VA#KM157;1981/A.III50 LireST;6.1g;⌀24B3510
VA#KM158;1981/A.III100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3509
VA#KM159;1981/A.III200 LireAZ;5.1g;⌀23B3508
VA#KM160;1981/A.III500 LireAg;11g;⌀28B3507
 
VA#KM161;1982/A.IV10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3519
VA#KM162;1982/A.IV20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3518
VA#KM163;1982/A.IV50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3517
VA#KM164;1982/A.IV100 LireST;8.2g;⌀27B3516
VA#KM165;1982/A.IV200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3515
VA#KM166;1982/A.IV500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25B3514
VA#KM167;1982/A.IV1000 LireAg;14.5g;⌀31B3513
 
VA#KM168;83/84500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3528
VA#KM169;83/84/A.IV1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀33B3527
VA#KM170;1983/A.V10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3526
VA#KM171;1983/A.V20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3525
VA#KM172;1983/A.V50 LireST;6.4g;⌀24B3524
VA#KM173;1983/A.V100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3523
VA#KM174;1983/A.V200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3522
VA#KM175;1983/A.V500 LireST(AZ);6.7g;⌀25B3521
VA#KM176;1983/A.V1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31B3520
 
VA#KM177;1984/A.VI10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3535
VA#KM178;1984/A.VI20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3534
VA#KM179;1984/A.VI50 LireST;6.2g;⌀24B3533
VA#KM180;1984/A.VI100 LireST;8.1g;⌀27B3532
VA#KM181;1984/A.VI200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3531
VA#KM182;1984/A.VI500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25B3530
VA#KM183;1984/A.VI1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31B3529
VA#KM184;1984500 LireAg;11g;⌀29B3536
 
VA#KM185;1985/A.VII10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3543
VA#KM186;1985/A.VII20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3542
VA#KM187;1985/A.VII50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3541
VA#KM188;1985/A.VII100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3540
VA#KM189;1985/A.VII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3539
VA#KM190;1985/A.VII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25B3538
VA#KM191;1985/A.VII1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31B3537
 
VA#KM192;1986/A.VIII10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3550
VA#KM193;1986/A.VIII20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3549
VA#KM194;1986/A.VIII50 LireST;6.2g;⌀24B3548
VA#KM195;1986/A.VIII100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3547
VA#KM196;1986/A.VIII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3546
VA#KM197;1986/A.VIII500 LireST(AZ);6.9g;⌀25B3545
VA#KM198;1986/A.VIII1000 LireAg;14.5g;⌀31B3544
 
VA#KM199;1987/A.IX10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3557
VA#KM200;1987/A.IX20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20B3556
VA#KM201;1987/A.IX50 LireST;6.2g;⌀24B3555
VA#KM202;1987/A.IX100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3554
VA#KM203;1987/A.IX200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3553
VA#KM204;1987/A.IX500 LireST(AZ);6.9g;⌀25B3552
VA#KM205;1987/A.IX1000 LireAg;14.7g;⌀31B3551
 
VA#KM206;1988/A.X10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23B3564
VA#KM207;1988/A.X20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3563
VA#KM208;1988/A.X50 LireST;6.3g;⌀24B3562
VA#KM209;1988/A.X100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3561
VA#KM210;1988/A.X200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3560
VA#KM211;1988/A.X500 LireST(AZ);6.7g;⌀25B3559
VA#KM212;1988/A.X1000 LireAg;14.5g;⌀31B3558
 
VA#KM213;1989/A.XI10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3571
VA#KM214;1989/A.XI20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3570
VA#KM215;1989/A.XI50 LireST;6.2g;⌀24B3569
VA#KM216;1989/A.XI100 LireST;8g;⌀27B3568
VA#KM217;1989/A.XI200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3567
VA#KM218;1989/A.XI500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25B3566
VA#KM219;1989/A.XI1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31B3565
 
VA#KM220;1990/A.XII10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23B3578
VA#KM221;1990/A.XII20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20B3577
VA#KM222;1990/A.XII50 LireST;2.8g;⌀16B3576
VA#KM223;1990/A.XII100 LireST;3.4g;⌀18B3575
VA#KM224;1990/A.XII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23B3574
VA#KM225;1990/A.XII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25B3573
VA#KM226;1990/A.XII1000 LireAg;14.5g;⌀31B3572
 
VA#KM227;1991/A.XIII500 LireAg;10.8g;⌀29Sch214
VA#KM228;1991/A.XIII10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23Sch215
VA#KM229;1991/A.XIII20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20Sch216
VA#KM230;1991/A.XIII50 LireST;2.8g;⌀16Sch217
VA#KM231;1991/A.XIII100 LireST;3.4g;⌀18Sch218
VA#KM232;1991/A.XIII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch219
VA#KM233;1991/A.XIII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch220
VA#KM234;1991/A.XIII1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch221
 
VA#KM235;1992/A.XIV500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch222
VA#KM236;1992/A.XIV10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23Sch223
VA#KM237;1992/A.XIV20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20Sch224
VA#KM238;1992/A.XIV50 LireST;2.7g;⌀16Sch225
VA#KM239;1992/A.XIV100 LireST;3.3g;⌀18Sch226
VA#KM240;1992/A.XIV200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch227
VA#KM241;1992/A.XIV500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch228
VA#KM242;1992/A.XIV1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch229
 
VA#KM243;1993/A.XV500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch230
VA#KM244;1993/A.XV10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23Sch231
VA#KM245;1993/A.XV20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20Sch232
VA#KM246;1993/A.XV50 LireST;2.8g;⌀16Sch233
VA#KM247;1993/A.XV100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch234
VA#KM248;1993/A.XV200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch235
VA#KM249;1993/A.XV500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch236
VA#KM250;1993/A.XV1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch237
 
VA#KM251;1994/A.XVI500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch238
VA#KM252;1994/A.XVI10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23Sch239
VA#KM253;1994/A.XVI20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20Sch240
VA#KM254;1994/A.XVI50 LireST;2.8g;⌀16Sch241
VA#KM255;1994/A.XVI100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch242
VA#KM256;1994/A.XVI200 LireAZ;5.1g;⌀23Sch243
VA#KM257;1994/A.XVI500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch244
VA#KM258;1994/A.XVI1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch245
 
VA#KM259;1995/A.XVII500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch246
VA#KM260;1995/A.XVII10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch247
VA#KM261;1995/A.XVII10000 LireAg;22g;⌀33*3Sch248
VA#KM262;1995/A.XVII10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23Sch249
VA#KM263;1995/A.XVII20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20Sch250
VA#KM264;1995/A.XVII50 LireST;2.8g;⌀16Sch251
VA#KM265;1995/A.XVII100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch252
VA#KM266;1995/A.XVII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch253
VA#KM267;1995/A.XVII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch254
VA#KM268;1995/A.XVII1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch255
 
VA#KM269;1996/A.XVIII500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch256
VA#KM270;1996/A.XVIII10000 LireAg;22g;⌀33*3Sch257
VA#KM271;1996/A.XVIII10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch258
VA#KM272;1996/A.XVIII10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23Sch259
VA#KM273;1996/A.XVIII20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20Sch260
VA#KM274;1996/A.XVIII50 LireCN;4.5g;⌀18Sch261
VA#KM275;1996/A.XVIII100 LireCN;4.5g;⌀21Sch262
VA#KM276;1996/A.XVIII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch263
VA#KM277;1996/A.XVIII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch264
VA#KM278;1996/A.XVIII1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch265
VA#KM356;1996/A.XVIII50000 LireAu;7.6g;⌀22F8RM427,Sch266
VA#KM357;1996/A.XVIII100000 LireAu;15g;⌀27F8RM426,Sch267
 
VA#KM279;1997/A.XIX500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch268
VA#KM280;1997/A.XIX10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23Sch271
VA#KM281;1997/A.XIX20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20Sch272
VA#KM282;1997/A.XIX50 LireCN;4.5g;⌀19Sch273
VA#KM283;1997/A.XIX100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch274
VA#KM284;1997/A.XIX200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch275
VA#KM285;1997/A.XIX500 LireST(AZ);6.9g;⌀25Sch276
VA#KM286;1997/A.XIX1000 LireAZ(ST);8.9g;⌀26Sch277
VA#KM287;1997/A.XIX1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch278
VA#KM288;1997/A.XIX50000 LireAu;7.6g;⌀22F8RM429,Sch279
VA#KM289;1997/A.XIX100000 LireAu;15g;⌀27F8RM428,Sch280
VA#KM318;1997/A.XIX10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch269
VA#KM319;1997/A.XIX10000 LireAg;22g;⌀33*3Sch270
 
VA#KM290;1998/A.XX10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch282
VA#KM291;1998/A.XX10000 LireAg;22g;⌀33*3Sch283
VA#KM292;1998/A.XX500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch281
VA#KM293;1998/A.XX10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀22Sch284
VA#KM294;1998/A.XX20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20Sch285
VA#KM295;1998/A.XX50 LireCN;4.6g;⌀19Sch286
VA#KM296;1998/A.XX100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch287
VA#KM297;1998/A.XX200 LireAZ;5.1g;⌀23Sch288
VA#KM298;1998/A.XX500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch289
VA#KM299;1998/A.XX1000 LireAZ(ST);8.9g;⌀26Sch290
VA#KM300;1998/A.XX1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch291
VA#KM301;1998/A.XX50000 LireAu;7.5g;⌀22F8RM431,Sch292
VA#KM302;1998/A.XX100000 LireAu;15.1g;⌀27F8RM430,Sch293
 
VA#KM303;1999/A.XXI10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch295
VA#KM304;1999/A.XXI10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch296
VA#KM305;1999/A.XXI10 LireAl;1.6g;⌀23Sch297
VA#KM306;1999/A.XXI20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20Sch298
VA#KM307;1999/A.XXI50 LireCN;4.5g;⌀19Sch299
VA#KM308;1999/A.XXI100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch300
VA#KM309;1999/A.XXI200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch301
VA#KM310;1999/A.XXI500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch302
VA#KM311;1999/A.XXI1000 LireAZ(ST);8.9g;⌀26Sch303
VA#KM312;1999/A.XXI1000 LireAg;14.7g;⌀31Sch304
VA#KM320;1999/A.XXI50000 LireAu;7.6g;⌀22F8RM433,Sch305
VA#KM321;1999/A.XXI100000 LireAu;15g;⌀27F8RM432,Sch306
VA#KM322;1999/A.XXI500 LireAg;11g;⌀28Sch294
 
VA#KM313;2000/A.XXII2000 LireAg;16g;⌀31*3Sch308
VA#KM314;2000/A.XXII10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch310
VA#KM315;2000/A.XXII10000 LireAg;22.1g;⌀33*3Sch311
VA#KM316;2000/A.XXII50000 LireAu;7.5g;⌀22F8RM435,Sch320
VA#KM317;2000/A.XXII100000 LireAu;15g;⌀27F8RM434,Sch321
VA#KM323;2000/A.XXII10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23Sch312
VA#KM324;2000/A.XXII20 LireAZ;3.6g;⌀20Sch313
VA#KM325;2000/A.XXII50 LireCN;4.4g;⌀19Sch314
VA#KM326;2000/A.XXII100 LireCN;4.5g;⌀21Sch315
VA#KM327;2000/A.XXII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch316
VA#KM328;2000/A.XXII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch317
VA#KM329;2000/A.XXII1000 LireAZ(ST);8.9g;⌀26Sch318
VA#KM330;2000/A.XXII1000 LireAg;14.6g;⌀31Sch319
VA#KM353;20002000 LireAg;16g;⌀31*3Sch309
 
VA#KM331;2001/A.XXIII10 LireAl;1.7g;⌀23Sch324
VA#KM332;2001/A.XXIII20 LireAZ;3.7g;⌀20Sch325
VA#KM333;2001/A.XXIII50 LireCN;4.5g;⌀19Sch326
VA#KM334;2001/A.XXIII100 LireCN;4.6g;⌀21Sch327
VA#KM335;2001/A.XXIII200 LireAZ;5g;⌀23Sch338
VA#KM336;2001/A.XXIII500 LireST(AZ);6.8g;⌀25Sch329
VA#KM337;2001/A.XXIII1000 LireAZ(ST);8.9g;⌀26Sch330
VA#KM338;2001/A.XXIII1000 LireAg;14.7g;⌀31Sch331
VA#KM339;2001/A.XXIII2000 LireAg;16g;⌀31*3Sch322
VA#KM340;2001/A.XXIII5000 LireAg;18g;⌀32*3Sch323
VA#KM390;2001/A.XXIII50000 LireAu;7.5g;⌀22F8RM437,Sch332
VA#KM391;2001/A.XXIII100000 LireAu;15g;⌀27F8RM436,Sch333
 
VA#KM361;2002(-12-16)/A.XXIV20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM439,Sch344
VA#KM362;2002(-12-16)/A.XXIV50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM438,Sch345
 
VA#KM341;2003/A.XXV1 CentCS;2.3g;⌀16Sch334
VA#KM342;2003/A.XXV2 CentCS;3g;⌀19Sch335
VA#KM343;2003/A.XXV5 CentCS;3.9g;⌀21Sch336
VA#KM344;2003/A.XXV10 CentNG;4.1g;⌀20Sch337
VA#KM345;2003/A.XXV20 CentNG;5.7g;⌀22Sch338
VA#KM346;2003/A.XXV50 CentNG;7.8g;⌀24Sch339
VA#KM347;2003/A.XXV1 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23Sch340
VA#KM348;2003/A.XXV2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26Sch341
 
VA#KM351;2003(-10-14)/A.XXV20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM441,Sch348
VA#KM352;2003(-10-14)/A.XXV50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM440,Sch349
 
VA#KM358;2004(-12-15)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM363;2004(-10-28)/A.XXVI20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM443
VA#KM364;2004(-10-28)/A.XXVI50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM442

SEDE VACANTE (2-19.4.2005)
Eduardo Martínez Somalo (*31.3.1927)
 
VA#KM365;20051 CentCS;2.3g;⌀16
VA#KM366;20052 CentCS;3g;⌀19
VA#KM367;20055 CentCS;3.9g;⌀21
VA#KM368;200510 CentNG;4.1g;⌀20
VA#KM369;200520 CentNG;5.7g;⌀22
VA#KM370;200550 CentNG;7.8g;⌀24
VA#KM371;20051 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
VA#KM372;20052 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26

POPE BENEDICT XVI (19.4.2005-28.2.2013)
Joseph Ratzinger (266)
 
Ratzinger was formerly Prefect for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the organization once known as the Inquisition. Joseph Ratzinger
was long known as one of the most powerful forces for conservatism in the Vatican.
 
VA#KM374;2005(-12-06)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM383;2005(-12-06)/A.I5 EuroAg;18.1g;⌀32
VA#KM384;2005(-12-06)/A.I10 EuroAg;22g;⌀34*3
VA#KM392;2005(-10-27)/A.I20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM445
VA#KM393;2005(-10-27)/A.I50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM444
 
VA#KM375;2006/A.II1 CentCS;2.3g;⌀16
VA#KM376;2006/A.II2 CentCS;3g;⌀19
VA#KM377;2006/A.II5 CentCS;3.9g;⌀21
VA#KM378;2006/A.II10 CentNG;4.1g;⌀20
VA#KM379;2006/A.II20 CentNG;5.7g;⌀22
VA#KM380;2006/A.II50 CentNG;7.8g;⌀24
VA#KM381;2006/A.II1 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
VA#KM382;2006/A.II2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM394;2006(-11-09)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM395;2006(-11-09)/A.II5 EuroAg;17.96g;⌀32
VA#KM396;2006(-11-09)/A.II10 EuroAg;22.04g;⌀34*3
VA#KM397;2006(-11-09)/A.II20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM447
VA#KM398;2006(-11-09)/A.II50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM446
 
VA#KM399;2007(-10-01)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM400;2007(-10-23)/A.III5 EuroAg;17.97g;⌀32*3
VA#KM401;2007(-10-23)/A.III10 EuroAg;22.01g;⌀34*3
VA#KM402;2007(-10-23)/A.III20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM449
VA#KM403;2007(-10-23)/A.III50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM448
 
VA#KM375:08;2008/A.IV1 CentCS;2.3g;⌀16
VA#KM376:08;2008/A.IV2 CentCS;3g;⌀19
VA#KM377:08;2008/A.IV5 CentCS;3.9g;⌀21
VA#KM385;2008/A.IV10 CentNG;4.1g;⌀20
VA#KM386;2008/A.IV20 CentNG;5.7g;⌀22
VA#KM387;2008/A.IV50 CentNG;7.8g;⌀24
VA#KM388;2008/A.IV1 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23
VA#KM389;2008/A.IV2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM404;20082 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM408;2008(-10-15)/A.IV20 EuroAu;6g;⌀20F8RM452
VA#KM409;2008(-10-15)/A.IV50 EuroAu;15g;⌀28F8RM451
 
VA#KM410;2009(-11-18)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM416;2009(-11-18)/A.V20 EuroAu;6.00g;⌀20F8RM455
VA#KM418;2009(-11-18)/A.V50 EuroAu;14.94g;⌀28F8RM454
VA#KM419;2009(-06-15)/A.V100 EuroAu;29.90g;⌀35F8RM453; Banishment from Eden
 
VA#KM420;2010(-10-12)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM423;2010(-10-12)/A.VI20 EuroAu;6.02g;⌀20
VA#KM424;2010(-10-12)/A.VI50 EuroAu;14.97g;⌀28
VA#KM425;2010(-06-15)/A.VI100 EuroAu;30.01g;⌀35
 
VA#KM426;2011(-10-18)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26
VA#KM430;2011(-06-07)/A.VII100 EuroAu;30.02g;⌀35
VA#KM435;2012(-10-16)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26

SEDE VACANTE (28.2.-13.3.2013)
Tarcisio Bertone (*2.12.1934)
 
VA#KM447;20132 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26

POPE FRANCIS (13.3.2013-)
Jorge Mario Bergoglio (267)
 
Francis is the first Jesuit pope. He is also the first pope in more than a millennium who is not European. He is the first pope ever to come from the
Americas, and the first from the Southern Hemisphere. From 1998 until he was elected as the pope, Francis was the Archbishop of Buenos Aires.
 
VA#KM446;2013(-10-15)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26
VA#KM455;20141 CentCS;?g;⌀16
VA#KM456;20142 CentCS;?g;⌀19
VA#KM457;20145 CentCS;?g;⌀21
VA#KM458;201410 CentNG;?g;⌀20
VA#KM459;201420 CentNG;?g;⌀22
VA#KM460;201450 CentNG;?g;⌀24
VA#KM461;20141 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);?g;⌀23
VA#KM462;20142 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26
VA#KM463;2014(-10-14)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26
 
VA#UC100;2015(-10-06)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀268th World Meeting of Families
VA#UC101;2016(-06-02)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26200 years Vatican Guard
VA#UC102;2016(-10-01)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Jubilee of Mercy
 
VA#Z1701;20171 CentCS;2.3g;⌀16arms only
VA#Z1702;20172 CentCS;3.0g;⌀19arms only
VA#Z1705;20175 CentCS;3.9g;⌀21arms only
VA#Z1707;201710 CentNG;4.1g;⌀20arms only
VA#Z1708;201720 CentNG;5.7g;⌀22arms only
VA#Z1709;201750 CentNG;7.8g;⌀24arms only
VA#Z1710;20171 EuroBR(CN/Ni7);7.5g;⌀23arms only
VA#Z1720;20172 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);8.5g;⌀26arms only
 
VA#UC103;2017(-06-01)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26St. Peter & Paul
VA#UC104;2017(-10-05)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26Centenary Fatima apparitions
VA#UC105;2018(-06-01)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀26The Laocoön group
VA#UC106;2018(-10-04)2 EuroCN(BR/Ni12);?g;⌀2650 years death of Padre Pio

more papal infos => look  here  and here 

© JenSoft Systems ℗ 2019-07-13 · 18:19 ->> Jens Weynans